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The Concept of Agency in Making Policy on Fundamental Rights

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Abstract

The Brexit saga and the debates about the future of the European Union have focused significantly on whether or not there is an emerging ‘sense of community’ across the EU Member States (MSs) resulting from the long process of integration that was initiated in the 1950s. Although it is hard to argue that a transformation from the nation-state to the supranational polity took place and, despite the diversity of national traditions, it cannot go unrecognised the fact that the European integration project has gradually led to the creation of a set of values that are common across the continent. As we have already argued, Articles 2 and 6 (1) TEU are often used as an illustration of the common values that shape the thinking and actions not only of individual EU citizens, but institutions as well. Thus, also within the EU as for every other project, individuals and bodies and their respective behaviour are motivated and constrained by their values, norms, identities and culture.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of LawOxford Brookes UniversityOxfordUK
  2. 2.Brunel Law SchoolBrunel University LondonUxbridgeUK

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