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Nanotechnology-Inspired Bionanosystems for Valorization of Natural Origin Extracts

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Part of the Sustainable Agriculture Reviews book series (SARV, volume 44)

Abstract

Medicinal plants are the richest bioresource of drugs on traditional systems of medicine and their use in treating diseases by ancestral societies has caught the attention of the scientific community. Application of these plants in daily diet, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries is widely implemented for many years. However, with the increasing need for more sustainable and environmentally friendly techniques, substituting chemical processes by plants in the production and enrichment of nanomaterials is certainly a very appealing alternative.

Studies have shown that among many examples of green synthesized drug delivery systems, those that receive the most attention include nanometallic particles, polymers and biological materials. Nanotechnology has enabled the creation of new drug delivery systems with the ability to increase the efficacy and improve the bioavailability of plant-derived bioactive compounds, promoting their release in a controlled manner, requiring a reduced dose, and reducing side effects while potentiating their activity. This review highlights the use of biosynthesized nanomaterials as a viable alternative to conventional techniques, and values ​​plant extracts as a source of new nanomedicines, acting as an ally or alternative to existing therapies.

Keywords

Plant extracts Nanotechnology Plant-based nanostructures Green synthesis, eco-friendly nanotherapeutics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the strategic programme UID/BIA/04050/2019 funded by national funds through the FCT I.P.

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© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CBMA – Centre of Molecular and Environmental Biology, Department of BiologyUniversity of Minho, Campus of GualtarBragaPortugal
  2. 2.IB-S Institute of Science and Innovation for SustainabilityUniversity of Minho, Campus of GualtarBragaPortugal
  3. 3.INL – International Iberian Nanotechnology LaboratoryBragaPortugal

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