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Pulses pp 17-26 | Cite as

Bambara Groundnut

  • Dhritiman Saha
  • A. ManickavasaganEmail author
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Abstract

Bambara groundnut is an important pulse crop produced in Africa. The crop is mainly grown for domestic consumption and local markets. It is highly nutritious and contains considerable amount of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and minerals. However, bambara groundnut protein lacks sulfur-containing amino acids (cysteine and methionine) and tryptophan in terms of essential amino acid requirements for children. It is reported that bambara groundnut contains high methionine content than any other beans. It has been indicated in literature that low levels of antinutritional factors like trypsin, tannins, and other compounds like phytic acid, oxalate, and phytin phosphorus are present in bambara groundnut. Different pre-treatments like soaking, blanching, boiling, roasting, cooking, autoclaving, and addition of salts gave promising results in reduction of the antinutritional factors present in bambara groundnuts. The bambara groundnuts undergo a number of post-harvest processing operations after harvesting. During product development, it can be used as food formulations in different food products due to its high protein content and presence of other important nutrients. Improvement in processing operations of bambara groundnut will further promote its use in future as a highly potential nutritious crop.

Keywords

Nutritive value Antinutritive factors Dehulling Roasting Milling Value-added products Protein isolate Supplementation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EngineeringUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

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