Mung bean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) popularly known as green gram, believed to be native crop of India, is a tiny circular shaped bean in green color widely cultivated throughout Asia, including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, South China, and Republic of Formosa. This short-term legume can grow in varying environmental conditions, and later it expands it reach to the USA, Australia, and Africa. In general, mung bean is a source of high-quality protein which can be consumed as whole grains, dhal, or sprouted form and is an excellent complement to rice in respect to balanced human nutrition. In addition to being the prime source of human food and animal feed, it plays an important role in maintaining the soil fertility by enhancing the soil physical properties and fixing atmospheric nitrogen.
KeywordsMung bean Harvesting Dehusking Grading Milling Polishing Processing Value addition
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