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Accompanying Mud Volcanic Structures

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Abstract

This chapter describes the structures associated with mud volcanoes. Mud volcanic activity is accompanied by the eruption of huge volumes of gases, mud breccia, detrital rock material, and water. This has led to the creation of weakened zones in the depths near mud volcanoes due to the removal of sedimentary material. The dimensions of these weakened zones are proportional to the volume of ejected masses. Weakened zones express themselves in the surface relief of the area as peculiar lowlands that usually take the shape of oval depressions. The depressions of mud volcanoes that developed in the Neogene seas filled with sediments accumulated in accordance with the position of the mud volcano within the marine basin—silts, sands, as well as carbonate and ferrous sediments. Over time, the sediments turned into clays, limestones, sands, iron ores, etc. These rocks imposed a heavy loading that exacerbated the downward deflection, and in the process of subsidence, numerous discontinuities in the rocks occurred, which often merged into ring disturbances.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Marine Geology and the Sedimentary Ore Formation (OMGOR NASU), recently renamed the Center for Problems of Marine Geology, Geoecology and Sedimentary Ore Formation of the NASUNational Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU)KievUkraine
  2. 2.Department of Physical and Marine GeologyOdessa I.I.Mechnikov National UniversityOdessaUkraine

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