The Economics of Climate Change in Agriculture: A Review on Kazakhstan and Turkey

Part of the Cooperative Management book series (COMA)


At the end of the twentieth—beginning of the twenty-first century, there are global processes of climate change under the influence of anthropogenic factors. The preservation of these trends entails extreme and almost irreversible consequences. It is obvious that climate change affects agricultural production and its productivity throughout the world. The climate change economy is an innovative direction that emerged at the junction of ecology and economy, where global environmental requirements are conditioned. Agriculture, which is one of the major sources of greenhouse gas emissions, can play an important role in mitigating the effects of climate change. The principles of the economy of climate change are aimed at solving two key issues: achieving “improved growth” and achieving an “improved climate”. The objectives of the review are to analyze the global processes of climate change; to study the economic impacts of climate change on agriculture in Kazakhstan and Turkey; and to consider a system of measures to prevent global climate change in the context of the climate change economy. For reviewing, different literature has been used, such as: IPCC, WMO, WTO, FAO, UNEP, UNFCCC, UNDP, IMF, WB, OECD, KAZHYDROMET, TURKSTAT, IRRI, Committee of the Statistics of the Kazakhstan, and the Turkish State Meteorologic Service reports.


Climate change economy Agriculture production Impacts of climate change Greenhouse gas emissions 


  1. Akalin, M. (2014). İklim Değişikliğinin Tarım Üzerindeki Etkileri: Bu Etkileri Gidermeye Yönelik Uyum ve Azaltım Stratejileri. Hitit Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 7(2), 351–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bizikova, L., Hove, H., & Parry, J. (2011). Review of current and planned adaptation action: Central Asia. Adaptation partnership.Google Scholar
  3. Calzadilla, A., Zhu, T., Rehdanz, K., Tol, R. S. J., & Ringler, C. (2013). Economywide impacts of climate change on agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa. Ecological Economics, 93, 150–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chamhuri, S. A., Mahmudul, M., & Wahid, A. (2009). Climate change, agricultural sustainability, food security and poverty in Malaysia. IRBRP J, 5(6), 309–321.Google Scholar
  5. Chandler, W., Secrest, T. J., Logan, J., Schaeffer, R., Szklo, A. S., Schuler, M. E., Zhou, D., Zhang, K., Zhu, Y., Xu, H., Shukla, P. R., Tudela, F., Davidson, O., Mwakasonda, S., Spalding-Fecher, R., Winkler, H., Mukheibir, P., & Alpan-Atamer, S. (2002). Climate change mitigation in developing countries: Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa, and Turkey. Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. Retrieved from
  6. Clapp, J., Newell, P., & Brent, Z. W. (2017). The global political economy of climate change, agriculture and food systems. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 45, 80–88. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dudu, H., & Cakmak, E. H. (2017). Climate change and agriculture: An integrated approach to evaluate economy-wide effects for Turkey. Climate and Development, 10(3), 275–288. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fankhausera, S., & Stern, N. (2016). Climate change, development, poverty and economics. Grantham Foundation for the Protection of the Environment.Google Scholar
  9. Fazal, S. A., & Wahab, S. A. (2013). Economic impact of climate change on agricultural sector: A review. Journal of Transformative Entrepreneurship, 1(1), 39–49.Google Scholar
  10. Frances, C. M., Uris Lantz, C. B., & Hertel, T. (2017). Economic impacts of climate change on agriculture: A comparison of process-based and statistical yield models. Environmental Research Letter, 12, 065008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Genina, M., Breitner-Czuma, L., Umirbekov, A., Issayeva, G., Musagazhinova, A., & Dolgikh, S. (2011). GAP analysis on adaptation to climate change in Central Asia. Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (Climate Change and Sustainable Energy Program).Google Scholar
  12. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (2013). Climate Change 2013. The physical science basis, Switzerland. Retrieved from
  13. International Monetary Fund (IMF). (2017). World Economic Outlook. Seeking sustainable growth: short-term recovery, long-term challenges. Retrieved from
  14. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). (2007). Annual report. Retrieved from
  15. Mendelsohn, R. O., Morrison, W. N., Schlesinger, M. E., & Andronova, N. G. (1998). Country-specific market impacts of climate change. Climatic Change, 45(3–-4), 553–569.Google Scholar
  16. Mendelsohn, R. A., & Dinar, A. (1999). Climate change, agriculture, and developing countries: Does adaptation matter? The World Bank Research Observer, 14(2), 277–293.Google Scholar
  17. Ministry of Ecology in RK. (2013). Report - Technology needs assessment for adaptation to climate change, adaptation of Kazakhstan.Google Scholar
  18. Ministry of Environmental Protection of the Republic of Kazakhstan & Republican State Enterprise “KAZHYDROMET”. (2013). Annual bulletin of climate change monitoring in Kazakhstan: 2012, Astana.Google Scholar
  19. Muller, C., Bondeau, A., Popp, A., Waha, K., Fader, M., & World Bank (WB). (2009). Development and climate change. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  20. National Academy of Science. (2017). Climate change evidence and causes (5 p). Royal Society. USA.Google Scholar
  21. Nelson, C. G., Valin, H., Sands, R. D., Havlík, P., Ahammad, H., Deryng, D., Elliott, J., Fujimori, S., Hasegawa, T., Heyhoe, E., Kyle, P., Lampe, M. V., Lotze-Campen, H., Mason d’Croz, D., Meijl, V. H., Mensbrugghe, D. V. D., Muller, C., Popp, A., Roberts, R., Robinson, S., Schmid, E., Schmitz, C., Tabeau, A., & Willenbockel, D. (2014). Climate change effects on agriculture: Economic responses to biophysical shocks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 111(9), 3274–3279. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nordhaus, W. D., & Boyer, J. G. (1999). Warming the World: Economic models of global warming. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  23. Olesen, J. E., & Bindi, M. (2002). Consequences of climate change for European agricultural productivity, land use and policy. European Journal of Agronomy, 16, 239–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Olesen, J. E., Trnka, M., Kersebaum, K. C., Skjelvag, A. O., Seguin, B., Peltonen-Sainio, P., Rossi, F., Kozyra, J., & Micale, F. (2011). Impacts and adaptation of European crop production systems to climate change. Europe Journal Agronomy, 34, 96–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Quasem, A. A., Hamid, A. J., & Siwar, C. (2011). Climate change mitigation and policy concern for prioritization. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 2(4), 418–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Randhir, O. T., & Hertel, T. (2000). Trade liberalization as a vehicle for adapting to global warming agricultural and resource. Economics Review, 29(2).
  27. Reilly, F. J., Tubiello, B., Mccarl, D. A., Darwin, R., Fuglie, K., Hollinger, S., Izaurralde, C., Jagtap, S., Jones, J., Mearns, D. O., Paul, E., Paustian, K., Riha, S., Rosenberg, N., & Rosenzweig, C. (2003). U.S. Agriculture and climate change: New results. Climatic Change, 57, 43–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Republic of Turkey Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs & Turkish State Meteorological Service. (2016). State of the Climate in Turkey in 2015, Ankara.Google Scholar
  29. Rose, E. J., Kyle, C. A., David, S. B., Feldl, N., & Koll, D. B. (2014). The dependence of transient climate sensitivity and radiative feedbacks on the spatial pattern of ocean heat uptake Brian. Geophysical Research Letter, 41, 1071–1078. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rotter, R. P., Palosuo, T., Kersebaum, K. C., Angulo, C., Bindi, M., & Ewert, F. (2012). Simulation of spring barley yield in different climatic zones of Northern and Central Europe. A comparison of nine crop models. Field Crops Researches, 133, 23–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Stern, N. (2006). What is the economics of climate change? World Economics, 7(2).Google Scholar
  32. Straub S. (2018). Hurricanes cause record losses in 2017. The losses quoted by Munich Re include both insured and non-insured losses but may calculate indirect economic losses (e.g. business interruption) in a different way than some other sources. Munich Re, Munich.Google Scholar
  33. Telli, C., Voyvoda, E., & Yeldan, E. (2008). Economics of environmental policy in Turkey: A general equilibrium investigation of the economic evaluation of sectoral emission reduction policies for climate change. Journal of Policy Modeling, 30, 321–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2004). Economic Survey of Turkey. Retrieved from
  35. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2016). Country report. Financing Climate Action in Kazakhstan. Google Scholar
  36. The State of Food and Agriculture (FAO). (2017a), Drought characteristics and management in Central Asia and Turkey. ISBN 978-92-5-109873-8Google Scholar
  37. The State of Food and Agriculture (FAO). (2017b). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017 – Building resilience for peace and food security. Retrieved from
  38. The State of Food and Agriculture (FAO). (2017c). Country fact sheet on FAO, Kazakhstan. Google Scholar
  39. Tol, R. S. J. (2002a). Estimates of the damage costs of climate change - Part 1: Benchmark estimates. Environmental and Resource Economics, 21, 47–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tol, R. S. J. (2002b). Estimates of the damage costs of climate change – Part II: Dynamic estimates. Environmental and Resource Economics, 21, 135–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Uleberg, E., Hanssen-Bauer, I., Oort, V. B., & Dalmannsdottir, S. (2014). Impact of climate change on agriculture in Northern Norway and potential strategies for adaptation. Climatic Change, 122, 27–39. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2006). Turkey and global warming. Google Scholar
  43. Wade, K., & Jennings, M. (2016). The impact of climate change on the global economy. Schroders. Google Scholar
  44. Wiebe, K., Lotze-Campen, H., Sands, R., Willenbockel, D., Tabeau, A., Mensbrugghe, D. V., Biewald, A., Bodirsky, B., Islam, S., Kavallari, E., & Mason-D’Croz, D. (2015). Climate change impacts on agriculture in 2050. Environmental Research Letters.Google Scholar
  45. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO). (2017). WMO Statement on the state of the global climate in 2017. Retrieved from ckeditor/files/2017_provisional_statement_text_-_updated_04Nov2017_1.pdf?7rBjqhMTRJkQbvuYMNAmetvBgFeyS_vQ
  46. World Bank (WB). (2005). A better investment climate for everyone. Retrieved from
  47. World Bank (WB). (2007). The impact of sea level rise on developing countries: A comparative analysis. Retrieved from
  48. World Bank (WB). (2009). Climate change strategy for the South Asia region. Retrieved from
  49. World Bank (WB) and The United Nations (UN). (2012). Natural hazards, unnatural disasters the economics of effective prevention. Retrieved from

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural EconomicsEge UniversityIzmirTurkey

Personalised recommendations