Advertisement

The Political Economy of Foreign Intervention

Chapter
  • 230 Downloads
Part of the Mercatus Studies in Political and Social Economy book series (MSPSE)

Abstract

The US government relies heavily on military intervention to address a wide range of potential and actual crises abroad. This integrated approach to military intervention often includes rebuilding the economic, legal, social, and political aspects of societies using the tools of defense, diplomacy, and development. Drawing on research in Austrian economics and public choice economics, this chapter explores the limits of military intervention. Given the institutionalized reliance on military as a means to address crises abroad, understanding the limitations of what it can, and cannot accomplish, is of the utmost importance.

References

  1. ABC News. 2004. Soldiers Must Rely on ‘Hillbilly Armor’ for Protection. ABC News, December 8.Google Scholar
  2. Allison, M., A. Cordsman, and J. Lemieux. 2010. I.E.D. Metrics for Afghanistan January 2004–September 2010. Center for Strategic and International Studies, November 11. http://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/legacy_files/files/publication/100722_ied_iraq_afghan.pdf.
  3. Boettke, P.J. 2001. Calculation and Coordination: Essays on Socialism and Transitional Political Economy. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. Boettke, P.J., and P.T. Leeson. 2004. Liberalism, Socialism, and Robust Political Economy. Journal of Markets and Morality 7 (1): 99–111.Google Scholar
  5. Boettke, P.J., C.J. Coyne, and P.T. Leeson. 2008. Institutional Stickiness and the New Development Economics. American Journal of Economics and Sociology 67 (2): 331–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Buchanan, J.M. 1975. The Samaritan’s Dilemma. In Altruism, Morality, and Economic Theory, ed. E.S. Phelps, 71–85. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  7. Casert, R. 1997. U.N. Peacekeepers Accused of Atrocities. The Seattle Times, June 25. http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=19970625&slug=2546399.
  8. Commission on Wartime Contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan. 2011. Transforming Wartime Contracting: Controlling Costs, Reducing Risks. Washington, DC: Commission on Wartime Contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan.Google Scholar
  9. Cordesman, A. J., V. Kocharlakota, and C. Loi. 2010. IED Metrics for Iraq: June 2003–September 2010. Center for Strategic and International Studies, November 11. https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/legacy_files/files/publication/101110_ied_metrics_combined.pdf.
  10. Coyne, C.J. 2008a. After War: The Political Economy of Exporting Democracy. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. ———. 2008b. ‘The Politics of Bureaucracy’ and the Failure of Post-War Reconstruction. Public Choice 135 (1/2): 11–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. ———. 2011. The Political Economy of the Creeping Militarization of U.S. Foreign Policy. Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy 17 (1): 1–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. ———. 2013. Doing Bad by Doing Good: Why Humanitarian Action Fails. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Coyne, C.J., and P.J. Boettke. 2009. The Problem of Credible Commitment in Reconstruction. Journal of Institutional Economics 5 (1): 1–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Coyne, C.J., and T.K. Duncan. 2018. The Unproductive Protective State: The U.S. Defense Sector as a Fiscal Commons. In James M. Buchanan: A Theorist of Political Economy and Social Philosophy, ed. R.E. Wagner. New York: Palgrave Macmillan Publishers.Google Scholar
  16. Coyne, C.J., and A. Pellillo. 2011. Economic Reconstruction Amidst Conflict: Insights from Afghanistan and Iraq. Defence and Peace Economics 22 (6): 627–643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Coyne, C.J., C. Michaluk, and R. Reese. 2016. Unproductive Entrepreneurship in US Military Contracting. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy 5 (2): 221–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Defeis, E.F. 2008. U.N. Peacekeepers and Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: An End to Impunity. Washington University Global Studies Law Review 7 (2): 185–214.Google Scholar
  19. Diamond, L. 2005. Squandered Victory: The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq. New York: Henry Holt.Google Scholar
  20. Djankov, S., J.G. Montalvo, and M. Reynal-Querol. 2006. Does Foreign Aid Help? Cato Journal 26 (1): 1–28.Google Scholar
  21. Duncan, T.K., and C.J. Coyne. 2015. The Political Economy of Foreign Intervention. In The Oxford Handbook of Austrian Economics, ed. P.J. Boettke and C.J. Coyne, 678–697. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Flores, T.E., and I. Nooruddin. 2009. Democracy Under the Gun: Understanding Post-Conflict Recovery. Journal of Conflict Resolution 53 (1): 3–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gates, R.M. 2009. Balanced Strategy: Reprogramming the Pentagon for a New Age. Foreign Affairs 88 (1): 28–40.Google Scholar
  24. Gates, R. M. 2014. The Quiet Fury of Robert Gates. The Wall Street Journal, January 7. https://www.wsj.com/articles/no-headline-available-1389128316.
  25. Hayek, F.A. 1945. The Use of Knowledge in Society. American Economic Review 35 (4): 519–530.Google Scholar
  26. Higginbotham, A. 2010. U.S. Military Learns to Fight Deadliest Weapons. Wired, July 28. https://www.wired.com/2010/07/ff_roadside_bombs/.
  27. Hodler, R. 2007. Rent Seeking and Aid Effectiveness. International Tax and Public Finance 14 (5): 525–541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Knack, S. 2001. Aid Dependence and the Quality of Governance: Cross-Country Empirical Tests. Southern Economic Journal 68 (2): 310–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ladley, A. 2005. Peacekeeper Abuse, Immunity and Impunity: The Need for Effective Criminal and Civil Accountability on International Peace Operations. Politics and Ethics Review 1 (1): 81–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Larson, K. 2017. UN Peacekeepers: Congo Leads World in Sex Abuse Allegations. Associated Press, September 22. https://www.apnews.com/abbc13a929264889a110d2bb2cccf01f.
  31. Lavoie, D. 1985a. Rivalry and Central Planning: The Socialist Calculation Debate Reconsidered. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  32. ———. 1985b. National Economic Planning: What Is Left? Washington, DC: Cato Institute.Google Scholar
  33. ———. 1986. The Market as a Procedure for Discovery and Conveyance of Inarticulate Knowledge. Comparative Economic Studies 28 (Spring): 1–19.Google Scholar
  34. Miesen, M. 2013. The Inadequacy of Donating Medical Devices to Africa. The Atlantic, September 20. http://www.theatlantic.com/international/print/2013/09/the-inadequacy-of-donatingmedical-devices-to-africa/279855/.
  35. Mises, L. [1920] 1935. Economic Calculation in the Socialist Commonwealth. In Collectivist Economic Planning, ed. F.A. Hayek, 87–130. London: George Routledge & Sons.Google Scholar
  36. ———. [1944] 1983. Bureaucracy. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc.Google Scholar
  37. ———. [1949] 1996. Human Action. 4th ed. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc.Google Scholar
  38. Montgomery, J.D. 2004. Supporting Postwar Aspirations in Islamic Societies. In Beyond Reconstruction in Afghanistan: Lessons from Development Experience, ed. J.D. Montgomery and D.A. Rondinelli, 32–52. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Niskanen, W. 1971. Bureaucracy and Representative Government. Chicago: Aldine-Atherton.Google Scholar
  40. ———. 1975. Bureaucrats and Politicians. Journal of Law and Economics 18 (3): 617–643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Nunn, N., and N. Qian. 2014. U.S. Food Aid and Civil Conflict. American Economic Review 104 (6): 1630–1666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Ostrom, E.C., C. Gibson, S. Shivakumar, and K. Andersson. 2002. Aid, Incentives, and Sustainability. Stockholm: Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.Google Scholar
  43. Pennington, M. 2011. Robust Political Economy: Classical Liberalism and the Future of Public Policy. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, Ltd.Google Scholar
  44. Pritchett, L., and M. Woolcock. 2004. Solutions When the Solution Is the Problem: Arraying the Disarray in Development. World Development 32 (2): 191–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Shin, D.C. 1994. On the Third Wave of Democratization: A Synthesis and Evaluation of Recent Theory and Research. World Politics 47 (1): 135–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sieff, K. 2016. Members of a U.N. Peacekeeping Force in the Central African Republic Allegedly Turned to Sexual Predation, Betraying Their Duty to Protect. The Washington Post, February 27. http://www.washingtonpost.com/sf/world/2016/02/27/peacekeepers/?utm_term=.11be9d979aa2.
  47. Smith, C.A., and M. Miller-de la Cuesta. 2010. Human Trafficking in Conflict Zones: The Role of Peacekeepers in the Formation of Networks. Human Rights Review 12 (3): 287–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Smith, C.A., and H. Smith. 2011. Human Trafficking: The Unintended Effects of United Nations Interventions. International Political Science Review 32 (2): 125–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Stewart, R. 2010. Afghanistan: What Could Work. The New York Review of Books, January 14. http://www.nybooks.com/articles/2010/01/14/afghanistan-what-could-work/.
  50. Svensson, J. 2000. Foreign Aid and Rent-Seeking. Journal of International Economics 51 (2): 437–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Terry, F. 2002. Condemned to Repeat? The Paradox of Humanitarian Action. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  52. Tullock, G. [1965] 2005. Bureaucracy. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc.Google Scholar
  53. US Army. 2009. The U.S. Army Stability Operations Field Manual: U.S. Army Field Manual No. 3-07. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  54. USAID Office of the Inspector General. 2008. Audit of USAID/Iraq’s Community Stabilization Program Audit Report No. E-267-08-001-P. Washington, DC: USAID Office of the Inspector General. https://oig.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/audit-reports/e-267-08-001-p.pdf.Google Scholar
  55. Wood, G. 2018. The Enemy Votes: Bargaining Failure and Weapons Improvisation. Economics of Peace and Security Journal 13 (1): 25–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  2. 2.F. A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and EconomicsMercatus Center at George Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  3. 3.Department of EconomicsVirginia Wesleyan UniversityVirginia BeachUSA

Personalised recommendations