Sophie Germain pp 187-197 | Cite as

The Last Years

Part of the Springer Biographies book series (SPRINGERBIOGS)


In 1824, France had reverted to the splendor of the Bourbon monarchy. On September 16, the ailing King Louis XVIII died. His brother succeeded him to the throne as King Charles X of France. In the first few months of his rule, the government passed a series of laws that bolstered the power of the nobility and clergy, which met with particular public disapproval. This reign dramatized the failure of the Bourbons, after their restoration, to reconcile the tradition of the monarchy by divine right with the democratic spirit produced in the wake of the 1789 Revolution.

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© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Texas at ArlingtonArlingtonUSA

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