Germany’s Road Towards Transnational Provision of Higher Education and Its Footprint in China and Turkey

Part of the Global Germany in Transnational Dialogues book series (GGTD)


The development of German activities in the transnational provision of higher education has been subject to specific national conditions, which also influence the prevailing modes of engagement chosen by German universities in Transnational Education (TNE) or International Programme and Provider Mobility (IPPM). The chapter begins with a discussion of terminology with reference to the conditions for German TNE-IPPM activity. The main motivations and drivers which have shaped the development and profile of Germany as a provider of TNE-IPPM are outlined, followed by an overview of the scope, geographical distribution and general profile of German TNE-IPPM provision. The chapter then discusses two aspects which feature prominently in the overall picture: The involvement of German higher education institutions (HEI) in the establishment and running of new universities abroad operating on German models of higher education, and the large share of universities of applied science (UAS) in the overall German TNE-IPPM activity. Concluding the chapter, both aspects are further explored in two case studies of China and Turkey which address the German TNE-IPPM engagement in China and Turkey against the backdrop of these countries’ strategies to develop and internationalise their higher education sectors.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Deutscher Akademischer AustauschdienstBonnGermany

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