Child Appetite



Childhood appetite includes an understanding of satiety levels and their ability to respond to see, smell or taste food. Children who consume more junk food are at risk of being obese in adulthood through hunger hormones such as leptin and ghrelin, which can affect body mass index (BMI). The eating attitude depends on the feeding pattern of the parents to their children. Employed parents have difficulty giving attention to the proper diet of their children, which can lead to health disorders such as obesity, intellectual disability and stunted growth. The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide, which leads to a shortage of sleep, overeating and weight gain among children and adults. Sleep is an important modulator of neuro, endocrine and glucose metabolism in children. Due to the reduction of sleep, there is a dramatic increase in obesity with the decrease in glucose tolerance, the high sympathovagal balance, the increase in cortisol concentration at night, the reduction of leptin, the elevation of ghrelin. It is important that parents incorporate positive eating habits, a healthy diet, which has the potential to keep the child’s appetite in a normal range and avoid unnecessary childhood obesity and other eating disorders, thus creating a change in society.


Health disorders Obesity Sleep 



We are thankful to the School of Biosciences and Technology (SBST), Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore for providing the required support to write this chapter.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology, School of Bioscience & TechnologyVellore Institute of Technology (VIT)VelloreIndia
  2. 2.Instrumental & Food Analysis Laboratory, Industrial Biotechnology Division, School of Bioscience & TechnologyVellore Institute of Technology (VIT)VelloreIndia

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