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Baby Foods Based on Cereals

Chapter

Abstract

Proper nutrition during infancy and early childhood is fundamental to the development of a healthy adult. Given the high nutrient demands of children, they are easily one of the population groups most susceptible to micronutrient deficiencies. Early weaning is one of the leading causes of child malnutrition and ultimately increases the risk of infant morbidity and mortality. After the first six months postpartum, breast milk becomes inadequate for the optimal growth and development of babies, and cereal-based foods are often introduced to increase nutrient intake and energy levels. Until children reach 3–5 years old their digestive systems are not yet fully developed and the food that is provided should thus contain all the nutrients necessary for a healthy development. Cereal-based foods are by far the major source of energy, protein, vitamins and minerals for infants from 6 to nearly 36 months old. This chapter deals principally with infant vitality and the importance of cereal foods for infant nutrition, the various types of cereal foods, the nutrients they contain, commercial infant cereals and cereal-based complementary foods for babies. Towards the end of the chapter, potential allergies and food safety parameters for these cereal foods are also discussed.

Keywords

Applications Baby food safety Complementary baby foods Malnutrition Nutritional intake Supplementary baby foods 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Prof. Ramalingam for giving us the opportunity to work on this book chapter. We would also like to convey our sincere gratitude to the VIT-Biotechnology Dept. for being so supportive and for guiding us in the right direction.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology, School of Biosciences & TechnologyVellore Institute of Technology (VIT)VelloreIndia
  2. 2.Instrumental & Food Analysis Laboratory, Industrial Biotechnology Division, School of Biosciences & TechnologyVellore Institute of Technology (VIT)VelloreIndia

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