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Corrosion Problem of Soil-Steel Bridges

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Part of the Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering book series (GGEE, volume 49)

Abstract

The chapter includes an introduction to corrosion problem of soil-steel bridges (classification, reason of corrosion occurs). Chemical and electrochemical corrosion of corrugated steel plates are shortly described. The beginning of the corrosion process in soil-steel bridges is also presented. The flow of stray currents around soil-steel bridges is also shown as the causing corrosion in the railway and tram bridges. Soil corrosivity problem is undertaken taking into account the soil resistivity, pH, moisture content. Atmospheric corrosion including the changes in air caused by acidification of the environment and its influence upon corrosion is described. Corrosion in water and erosion-abrasion damages of the corrugated steel plates are also shown. Mathematical model of corrosion description of a soil-steel bridge including the model of corrosive damage and formation of corrosive cracks, is proposed. At the end of chapter, the protections against corrosion and abrasion in soil-steel bridges and culverts are presented. A practical example of designing durability of soil-steel bridge is also given.

Keywords

Soil-steel bridge Corrosion Soil resistivity pH Moisture content Corrosion protection 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Civil Engineering and ArchitectureOpole University of TechnologyOpolePoland

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