• Robert McLean
  • Grace Robinson
  • James A. Densley
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Criminology book series (BRIEFSCRIMINOL)


In this book, we have explored the IDM within the UK and looked to provide an in-depth understanding of the latest supply model known as County Lines. In Part I of the book we provided context to the IDM and briefly explored developments in supply processes to discuss the exploitative techniques of OCGs and how they affect the actors involved. We then discussed the two research sites, Glasgow and Merseyside, and identified how the two locations have seen increases in unemployment and erosion of many working-class communities, largely attributed to deindustrialisation. Against a backdrop of austere government policy, we examined how the two sites have been affected by deprivation, marginalisation and social exclusion and postulated with some of the motivations behind involvement in the IDM, before introducing the reader to the participants involved and how research was collected from the two studies. The second chapter in Part I included a review of the literature. Here we analysed previous and current literature to date on Child Criminal Exploitation, County Lines activity and cuckooing.


IDM County lines drug supply UK drug markets Implications Research limitations Drug prohibition De-penalisation 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert McLean
    • 1
  • Grace Robinson
    • 2
  • James A. Densley
    • 3
  1. 1.Northumbria UniversityNewcastleUK
  2. 2.CriminologyBlackpool and the Fylde CollegeLancashireUK
  3. 3.Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Education CenterMetropolitan State UniversityBrooklyn ParkUSA

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