Cybersecurity Threats, Vulnerability and Analysis in Safety Critical Industrial Control System (ICS)

  • Xinxin LouEmail author
  • Asmaa Tellabi
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 255)


In this chapter, cybersecurity vulnerabilities and threats surrounding Industrial Control Systems (ICSs) are investigated. The main part is to investigate cybersecurity analysis approaches in safety critical Industrial Control Systems (ICSs). We taxonomy the selected representative cybersecurity analysis approaches, in a quantitative and qualitative way. The approaches are also classified based on the scope of the analysis, e.g. some approaches focus only on the system, while others also consider the organization structure. In the end, we propose a novel idea to perform the cybersecurity analysis logically by utilizing reverse engineering results. In addition, an idea of improving the system security by design, from the hardware level by considering Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) is proposed.

List of Abbreviation


Bayesian Network


Casual Fault Analysis


Casual Fault Graph


Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability


Control Objectives for Information and Related Technology


Central Processing Unit


Cyber Physical System


Cross-Site Request Forgery


Cyber Security Risk Index


Denial of Service


Demilitarized Zone


Event Tree


Human Machine Interface


Industrial Automation Control System


Industrial Control System


Intrusion Detection system


International Electrotechnical Commission


International Organization for Standardization


Information Technology


Instrumentation & Control


HyperText Transfer Protocol


Mixed Criticality Systems


National Institute of Standards and Technology


Nuclear Power Plant(s)


OPC Unified Architecture


Operational Technology


Operating System


(Programmiergerät in German)—Programming Device


Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition


Safety Instrumented System


Semi Markov Process


Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes


Systems Theoretic Process Analysis


STPA and Security Analysis


Cross-Site Scripting



We appreciate the guidance of Prof. Ladkin, Dr, Karl Waedt, and Prof. Ruland. We also thank all reviewers.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bielefeld UniversityBielefeldGermany
  2. 2.University SiegenSiegenGermany

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