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Anterolateral Thigh Flap

  • G. Molteni
  • L. Lanaro
  • M. Ghirelli
  • A. Fior
  • G. Giampaoli
  • R. Pellini
Chapter
  • 406 Downloads

Abstract

The anterolateral thigh (ALT) compartment has four anatomical limits: the rectus femoral muscle medially, the iliotibial tract laterally, the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) inferiorly, and the lateral femoral condyle inferiorly. A superficial fascia, with subcutaneous tissue, covers the entire muscular structure. The deepest fascia in the lateral part is formed by the tensor muscle of the fascia lata connected with the fascia lata to compose the iliotibial band, which provides stability in the knee joint.

References

  1. 1.
    Yu P. Characteristics of the anterolateral thigh flap in a western population and its application in head and neck reconstruction. Head Neck. 2004;26:759–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Wei FC, Jain V, Celik N, Chen HC, Chuang DC, Lin CH. Have we found an ideal soft-tissue flap? An experience with 672 anterolateral thigh flaps. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2002;109:2219–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bianchi B, Ferri A, Ferrari S, Copelli C, Boni P, Ferri T, et al. The free anterolateral thigh musculocutaneous flap for head and neck reconstruction: one surgeon’s experience in 92 cases. Microsurgery. 2012;32:87–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Celik N, Wei FC, Lin CH, et al. Technique and strategy in anterolateral thigh perforator flap surgery, based on an analysis of 15 complete and partial failures in 439 cases. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2002;109:2211–116; discussion 7–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cherubino M, Berli J, Turri-Zanoni M, et al. Sandwich fascial anterolateral thigh flap in head and neck reconstruction: evolution or revolution? Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2017;5:e1197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Molteni
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Lanaro
    • 3
  • M. Ghirelli
    • 4
  • A. Fior
    • 3
  • G. Giampaoli
    • 3
  • R. Pellini
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity Hospital of Verona Borgo TrentoVeronaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Dentistry, Paediatrics and GynaecologyUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  3. 3.Maxillofacial Surgery and DentistryUniversity Hospital of Verona Borgo RomaVeronaItaly
  4. 4.Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity Hospital of ModenaModenaItaly
  5. 5.Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck SurgeryIRCCS “Regina Elena” National Cancer InstituteRomeItaly

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