Summary, Conclusions, and Open Research

  • Andreas Gründinger
Part of the Foundations in Signal Processing, Communications and Networking book series (SIGNAL, volume 22)


Ergodic and outage robust multi-user downlink beamforming designs with only partial channel knowledge have been investigated for future wireless communication. The modeling accuracy and computational tractability for these designs strongly depend on the shape of the channels’ estimates and the statistics of the estimation errors.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Gründinger
    • 1
  1. 1.ErgoldingGermany

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