Advertisement

Biology of Reproduction of Cetaceans

Chapter
  • 244 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Polar Ecology book series (AVPE, volume 5)

Abstract

This chapter examines the following aspects of cetacean reproduction:

Literature

  1. Aron H (1927) Biohemie des Wachstums des Menschen und der hoheren Tiere. In: Oppenheimer’s Handbuch der Biochemie, vol 7Google Scholar
  2. Arsenyev VA, Zemsky VA (1973) Studenetskaya I.S. Marine mammals. Moscow, Food industry, p 232Google Scholar
  3. Arshavsky IA (1968) Biology of the neonatal period in mammals. Biological basis of the neonatal period. Works of MOIP 29:7–22Google Scholar
  4. Belkin AN (1964) A new species of seal from the Kuril Islands Phoca insularis sp. nova. Reports of USSR Academy of Sciences 158(5)Google Scholar
  5. Beloborodov AG, Potelov VA (1969) Some features of the initial period of life of crested pups and characteristics of their hairline. Marine mammals. Publishing house Nauka, Moscow, pp 220–225Google Scholar
  6. Bennet FD (1840) Narrative of a whaling voyage around the globe from the year 1833 to 1836. II. London, p 395Google Scholar
  7. Berzin AA (1961) About methods for determining the age of female sperm whales. Reports of USSR Academy of Sciences. 139:491–494Google Scholar
  8. Berzin AA (1971) Sperm whale. Publ “Food Industry”, Moscow, p 368Google Scholar
  9. Best PB (1982) Seasonal abundance, feeding, reproduction, age and growth in minke whale off Durban (with incidental observations from the Antarctic). Cambridge: Rep Int Whal Commn 32:759–786Google Scholar
  10. Bodrov VA, Grigoriev SN (1963) Processing whale raw at whalers. Moscow, PischePromIzdat, p 363Google Scholar
  11. Brown R (1868) Notes on the history and geographical relation of the Cetacea frequenting Davis strait and Baffin’s bay. Proc Zool Soc, LondonGoogle Scholar
  12. Budylenko GA (1970a) Some questions of the biology of the sei whale of the South Atlantic. Whales of the southern hemisphere (biology and morphology). Kaliningrad: Proceedings of AtlantNIRO (29):17–33Google Scholar
  13. Budylenko GA (1970b) Observation of the behavior of a newborn humpback whale. Whales of the southern hemisphere (biology and morphology). Kaliningrad: Proceedings of AtlantNIRO (29):231–233Google Scholar
  14. Budylenko GA, Mikhalev YA (1970) To the biology of reproduction of the Antarctic sei whale. Whales of the southern hemisphere (biology and morphology). Kaliningrad: Proceedings of AtlantNIRO (29):3–16Google Scholar
  15. Chapsky KK (1965) Growth and onset of puberty in females of the Caspian seal. Marine Mammals. Publishing House Nauka, Moscow, pp 122–137Google Scholar
  16. Chittleborough RG (1954) Studies on the ovaries of the humpback whale, Megaptera nodosa (Bonnaterre) in the Western Australian coast. Austral Journal of Marine End Freshwater Research 5(1):35–63Google Scholar
  17. Chittleborough RG (1958) The breeding cycle of the female humpback whale, Megaptera nodosa (Bonnaterre). Austral Journal of Marine end Freshwater Research 6:3–29Google Scholar
  18. Chugunkov DI (1969) Far eastern Larga. Hunting and Hunting 10:18–20Google Scholar
  19. Clarke R (1956) The biology of sperm whales captured in the Azores. Norsk Hvalf-tid 8Google Scholar
  20. Collett R (1911–1912) Norges pattedyr, Cetacea. Christiania, pp 543–722Google Scholar
  21. Devis JS, Guiler ER (1958) A newborn piked whale in Tasmania. J Mammal 39(4):593–594Google Scholar
  22. Doroshenko NV(1996) The results of a study of blue pygmy whales (Balaenoptera musculus brevicauda), caught by Soviet whaling fleets in the Indian Ocean in seasons 1962/63–1971/72 Proceedings of TINRO, v. 121, Vladivostok, pp 150–162Google Scholar
  23. Dudley (1725) An essay on the natural history of whales, with a particular account of the ambergris found in the spermaceti whale. Phil Trans R Soc Lond Vjl 33Google Scholar
  24. Eschricht DF, Reinhardt J (1866) On the Greenland right-whale. Recent memoirs on the Cetacea. Royal Society, LondonGoogle Scholar
  25. Essapian FS (1953) The birth and growth of a porpoise. Nat Hist 62(9):92–399Google Scholar
  26. Fedoseev GA (1965) Puberty and reproduction rates of the Okhotsk ringed seal. In: Marine mammals. Publishing House Nauka, Moscow, pp 113–117Google Scholar
  27. Fraser JFD, Huggett ASG (1959a) The breeding season and leugth of pregnancy in four species of large whales. Proc XV, Int Congr Zool London:311Google Scholar
  28. Fraser JFD, Huggett ASG (1959b) The growth rate of foetal whales. J Pohysiol 146(2):21–22Google Scholar
  29. Gambell R (1966) Foetal growth and the breeding season of sperm whales. Norsk Hvalf-Tid 55:113–118Google Scholar
  30. Gawn RWL (1948) Aspects of the locomotion of whales. Nature 161(4080)Google Scholar
  31. Gray JE (1936) Studies in animal locomotion. The propulsive powers of the dolphin. J Exptl Biol 13:170–191Google Scholar
  32. Herzfeld P (1888) Uber das Jacobson’schen organ desMemschen der Saugethier. Zool Jahrb Bd 3:551–575Google Scholar
  33. Hinton M (1925) Report on the paper left by the late major Barret-Hamilton to the whales of S. Georgia. Crown Agents for Colonies, London, pp 57–209Google Scholar
  34. Ichichara T (1961) Blue whales in the water around Kergelen Island. Norsk Hvalfangst Tidende 1:1–20Google Scholar
  35. Ichichara T (1963) Identification of pygmy blue whale in the Antarctic. Norsk Hvalf-Tid 5:128–130Google Scholar
  36. Ichichara T (1964) The pygmy blue whale, Balaenoptera musculus brevicauda, a new subspecies from the Antarctic. University of California PressGoogle Scholar
  37. Ichichara T (1966) Criterion for determining age of fin whale with reference to ear plug and baleen plate. Tokyo: Scient Repts Whales Res Inst 20:17–80Google Scholar
  38. Irzhak PI (1967) Determining the age and growth rate of moose during fetal development. Proc Pechery-Ilych State Reserve 12:5–20Google Scholar
  39. Ivashin MV (1959) About the breeding of a humpback whale in the southern Atlantic Ocean, vol 7. Moscow, Information collection of VNIRO, pp 12–40Google Scholar
  40. Ivashin MV (1965) About the duration of pregnancy and the size of newborn humpback whale cubs in the southern Atlantic Ocean. Marine mammals. Publishing House Nauka, Moscow, pp 67–69Google Scholar
  41. Ivashin MV (1976) About breeding of minke whale in the Indian sector of Antarctica. Zoological J 55(6):893–903Google Scholar
  42. Ivashin MV, Mikhalev YA (1978) To the problem of the prenatal growth of Minke Whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata of the Southern Hemisphere and of the biology of their reproduction. Rep Int Commun 28:201–205Google Scholar
  43. Jackson JRS (1840) Dissection of a spermaceti whale and three other cetaceans. J Natur History Boston 5(2):137–171Google Scholar
  44. Japha A (1905) Uber der Bau der Haut des Seiwal (Balaenoptera borealis). Zool Anz Bd 29(14):422Google Scholar
  45. Jonsgard A (1951) Studios on the littie piked whale or minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata). Norsk Hwalfangst-tidende 40(5):5–54Google Scholar
  46. Kapralova LT (1967) On the comparative growth of the pancreas in fetuses of sheep and pigs. Embryonic development of farm animals. Publishing House Nauka, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  47. Kato H (1979) Unusual Minke whale with deformed jaw. Tokyo: Sci Rep Whales Res Inst 31:101–103Google Scholar
  48. Kato H (1982) Some biological parameters for the Antarctic minke whale. Cambridge: Rep Int Whal Commn 32:935–945Google Scholar
  49. Kiesewetter IV (1953) Marine mammals. VladivostokGoogle Scholar
  50. Kleinenberg SE, Yablokov AV, Klevezal GA, Belkovich VM, Etin VY (1965) Reference indicators on the characteristics of some pinnipeds and cetaceans. Publishing House Nauka, Moscow, pp 251–256Google Scholar
  51. Kleinenberg SE, Yablokov AV (1960) Materials on the biology of breeding of belugas of the northern seas of the USSR. Proceedings of PINRO (12):165–173Google Scholar
  52. Krylov VA (1965) Determination of age, growth rate, and analysis of the age structure of pacifiers of the Pacific walrus. In: Marine mammals. Publishing House Nauka, Moscow, pp 201–211Google Scholar
  53. Krylov VI (1969) Dates of mating and birth of Pacific walrus. In: Marine Mammals. Publishing House Nauka, Moscow, pp 275–285Google Scholar
  54. Laurie AH (1937) The age of female blue whales and the effect of whaling on the stock. In: Discovery reports, vol 15, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  55. Laws RM (1958) Recent investigation fin whale ovaries. Norsk hvalfangst-tidende 5:225–229Google Scholar
  56. Laws RM (1959) The foetal growht rate of whales with special reference to the fin whale, Balaenoptera physalus Linn. Discov Rep 29:281–308Google Scholar
  57. Laws RM (1961) Reproduction growth and age of southern fin whales. Discovery Rep 31:328–486Google Scholar
  58. Lockyer C (1972) The age at sexual maturity of the southern fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) using annual layer counts in the ear plug. Cons Intern Explor Mer 34(2):276–294Google Scholar
  59. Lockyer C (1974) Investigation of the ear plug of southern sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis) as a valid means of age determining. J Cons Int Explor Mer 36:71–81Google Scholar
  60. Lockyer C (1977) A preliminary study of variations in age at sexual maturity of the fin whale with year class, in six areas of the southern hemisphere. Cambridge: Rep Int Whal Commn 27:141–147Google Scholar
  61. Lockyer C (1979) Changes in a growth parameters associated with exploitation of southern fin and sei whales. Cambridge: Rep Int Whal Commn 29:191–241Google Scholar
  62. Lockyer C (1981) The age at sexsual maturity in fin whales off Iceland. Cambridge: Rep Int Whal Commn 31:389–393Google Scholar
  63. MacDowell EC, Allen E (1927) Proc Soc Exptl Biol Med 24:672Google Scholar
  64. Mackintosh NA (1942a) The southern stocks of baleen whales. Discovery Rep 22:197–300Google Scholar
  65. Mackintosh NA (1942b) The southern stocks of whalebone whales. Discov Rep 22:197–300Google Scholar
  66. Mackintosh NA, Wheeler JFG (1929) Southern blue and fin whales. Discovery Rep 1:257–540Google Scholar
  67. Masaki J (1973) Some notes on age estimation of baleen whales based upon the ear plug. Paper R I presented to the meeting on age determination in baleen whales. Reykjavik, AprilGoogle Scholar
  68. Masaki J (1976) Biological studies of the North Pacific sei whales. Bull Far Seas Fish Res Lab 14Google Scholar
  69. Mattsuura I (1936) On the lesser rorqual found in the adjacent waters of Japan (in Japanese). Bull Japan Scient Fish 4(5):325–330Google Scholar
  70. Matsuura Y (1940) Statistical study on whale fetuses III. Sperm whales in the adjacent waters of Japan. Bull Jap Soc Sci Fish 9(4)Google Scholar
  71. Matthews LH (1938) The sperm whale, Physeter catodon. Discovery Rep 7:93–168Google Scholar
  72. McBrde AF, Krizler H (1951) Observations on pregnancy, parturition and postnatal behaviour in the bottlenose dolphin. J Mammal 32(3):251–266Google Scholar
  73. Mikhalev YA (1966) Morphological features of the pituitary gland of cetaceans. Scientific conference on the basis of research work, Chisinau, p 144Google Scholar
  74. Mikhalev YA (1970a) Change in weight of the adenohypophysis of some species of whales in connection with their biological state. In: Proceedings of young scientists. VNIRO, ONTI, issue III, pp 226–232Google Scholar
  75. Mikhalev YA (1970b) Analysis of the growth of embryos of fin whales of the Antarctic (Balaenoptera physalus L). Protection of fish stocks and increased productivity of water bodies in the southern zone of the USSR. Proceedings of the inter-university meeting, Chisinau, pp 92–93Google Scholar
  76. Mikhalev YA (1970c) Prenatal growth and some issues of the biology of reproduction of the Antarctic fin whale – Whales of the southern hemisphere (biology and morphology). Proceedings of AtlantNIRO, Kaliningrad, vol 29,pp 53–82Google Scholar
  77. Mikhalev YA (1971a) Whale milk. Moscow: Nature 3:74–76Google Scholar
  78. Mikhalev YA (1971b) To the question of determining the age and reproductive ability of Physeter macrocephalus (Cetacea). 1st conference of young biologists and doctors, OdessaGoogle Scholar
  79. Mikhalev YA (1972) To the question of determining the average size of newborn fin whale. Abstracts of the 5th All-Union meeting on the study of marine mammals, Makhachkala, pp 206–209Google Scholar
  80. Mikhalev YA (1978) Graphic recording of stratifications in sperm whale teeth using a recording microphotometer. Marine mammals. Abstracts of the 7th All-Union Conference on Marine Mammals, Moscow, pp 223–225Google Scholar
  81. Mikhalev YA (1980) General regularities in prenatal growth in whales and some aspects of their reproductive biology. Cambridge: Rep. Int.Whal.Commn. No 30, pp 249–254Google Scholar
  82. Mikhalev YA (1984) Growth and some issues breeding biology of the Southern Hemisphere minke. Marine Mammals. Moscow: Nauka, pp 61–80Google Scholar
  83. Mikhalev YA (1990) The nature of calcifications of stratifications in the teeth of sperm whales. Scientific-practical conference dedicated to issues of organization, prevention and treatment, Odessa, p 88Google Scholar
  84. Mikhalev YA (2007) The overall pattern of prenatal growth cetaceans (Cetacea). Naukova visnyk Pіvdennoukraїnskogo sovereign pedgogіchnogo unіversitetu IM. KD Ushinskiy (Collection of scientific works). Yuvіleyny Preview Issue. Type of PDPU IM. KD Ushinskiy, Odes, pp 43–56Google Scholar
  85. Mikhalev YA, Shevchenko VI (1973) Size of newborns and duration of pregnancy in sperm whales. Conference of young scientists of AzCHERNIRO, Kerch, pp 10–11Google Scholar
  86. Mikhalev YA, Shevchenko VI (1986) Morphological and size-balanced characteristics of a newborn male sperm whale. Marine mammals. Abstracts of the 9th All-Union meeting on the study, protection and rational use of marine mammals, Arkhangelsk, pp 273–275Google Scholar
  87. Mikhalev YA, Sventsitskaya GA (1970a) Sex ratio in fin whales and sei whales of the Southern Hemisphere. Odessa State University. Proceedings of the University Scientific Conference of Young Scientists. pp 156–158Google Scholar
  88. Mikhalev YA, Sventsitskaya GA (1970b) Fat content of milk of some whales and growth of newborns. Odessa State University. Proceedings of the University Scientific Conference of Young Scientists, pp 159–162Google Scholar
  89. Mikhalev YA, Zelenaya FE (1986) Description of paired formations at the ends of the cetacean jaws. Marine mammals. Abstracts of the 9th All-Union meeting on the study, protection and rational use of marine mammals, Arkhangelsk, pp 275–277Google Scholar
  90. Millais JG (1906) The mammals of Great Britain and Ireland. London/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  91. Mizue K, Jimbo H (1950) Statistic study of fetuses of whales. Tokyo: Sci Rep Whales Res Inst 3:119–131Google Scholar
  92. Naumov VP (1933) Seals of the USSR. KOIZ, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  93. Nishiwaki M (1950) Age characteristics in baleen plates. Tokyo: Sci Rep Whal Res Inst 4:162–183Google Scholar
  94. Nishiwaki M (1952) On the age determination of Mystacoceti chiefly blue and fin whales. Tokyo: Sci Rep Whal Res Inst 7:87–119Google Scholar
  95. Nishiwaki M (1957) Age characteristic of ear plugs of whales. Tokyo: Sci Rep Whal Res Inst 12:23–32Google Scholar
  96. Nishiwaki M, Ichichara T, Ohsumi S (1958) Age studies of fin whale based on ear plug. Tokyo: Scient Repts Whales Res Inst 13:155–169Google Scholar
  97. Ogawa T, Shida T (1950) On the sensory tubercles of lips and of oral cavity in sei and fin whales. Tokyo: Sci Rep Whales Res Inst 3:1–16Google Scholar
  98. Ognev SI (1935) Animals of the USSR and surrounding countries. III. Predatory and pinnipeds. BioMedGiz, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  99. Ohsumi S (1960) Relative growth of the fin whale, Balaenoptera physalus (Linn.). Tokyo: Scient Repts Whales Res Inst 15:17–84Google Scholar
  100. Ohsumi S (1965) Reproduction of sperm whale in the north-West Pacific. Tokyo: Sci Rep Whales Res Inst 19:35Google Scholar
  101. Ohsumi S (1986) Ear plug transition phase as an indicator of sexual maturity in female Antarctic minke whales. Tokyo: Sci Rep Whales Res Inst 37:17–30Google Scholar
  102. Ohsumi S (1975) Masaki V. biological parameters of the Antartic minke whale of the virgeinal population level. J Fish Res Board Canada 32(7):995–1004Google Scholar
  103. Omura H, Sakiura H (1956) Studies on the little piked whale from the coast of Japan. Tokyo: Scient Repts Whales Res Inst 11:1–37Google Scholar
  104. Ohsumi S, Nishiwaki M, Hibiya T (1958) Growth of fin whale in the northern Pacific. Tokyo: Scient Repts Whales Res Inst 13:97–133Google Scholar
  105. Ohsumi S, Masaki J, Kawamura A (1970) The stock of the Antarctic minke whale. Tokyo: Whales Res Inst 22:75–125Google Scholar
  106. Otha K, Watarai T, Oishi T, Ueshida Y, Hirose S, Yoshizawa T, Akikusa J, Sato M, Okaho H (1955) Composition of fin whale milk. Tokyo: Sci Rep Whal Res Inst 10:151–167Google Scholar
  107. Ozharovskaya LV (1990) Delivery dates in captive bottlenose dolphins in captivity. Marine mammals (abstract of the 10th All-Union Conference on the Study, Protection and Rational Use of Marine Mammals), Moscow, pp 221–222Google Scholar
  108. Pervushin AS (1966) Sperm whale birth monitoring. Zoological Journal 45(12)Google Scholar
  109. Peters N (1938) Der Neue Deutsche Walfang. HamburgGoogle Scholar
  110. Potelov VA (1969) Periods of pregnancy, childbirth and areas of childbirth of a sea hare. Abstracts of the 4th All-Union meeting on the study of marine mammals, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  111. Popov LA, Timoshenko YK (1965) Some data on the Greenland seal of the Newfoundland herd. Marine Mammals, Publishing House Nauka, Moscow, pp 158–170Google Scholar
  112. Quay WB, Mitchell E (1971) Structure and sensory apparatus of oral remnants of the nasopalatine canals in the fin whale (Blaenopter physalus). J Morph 134(3):271–280Google Scholar
  113. Risting S (1928) Whales and whales fetuses. Cons Perm Intern, Pour L’explor de la mer Rapp Prac-Verb Copengagen L:122Google Scholar
  114. Ruspoli M (1955) A la recherches du cachalot, ParisGoogle Scholar
  115. Ruud JT (1940) The surface structure of the daleen plates as a possible clue to age determination in whales. Hvalrdets skr 23:1–47Google Scholar
  116. Ruud JT (1945) Further studies on the structure of the baleen plates and their application to age determination. Hvalradets skr 29:1–69Google Scholar
  117. Salnikov NE (1956) Some issues of breeding biology of fin whale and blue whale of Antarctica. Proceedings of BaltNIRO, Kaliningrad. issue IIGoogle Scholar
  118. Sazhinov EG (1970) The onset of puberty and physical maturity in blue pygmy whales (Balaenoptera musculus brevicauda). Whales of the southern hemisphere (biology and morphology). Proceedings of AtlantNIRO, Kaliningrad, issue 29. pp 34–52Google Scholar
  119. Sazhinov EG (1980) Blue whale pygmy: abstract of dissertation for the degree of doctor of biological sciences: 03.00.08 / USSR Academy of Sciences Institute of zoology. Kaliningrad, p 24Google Scholar
  120. Scoresby W (1820) An account of the Arctic region with a history and description of the northern whale-fishery. Edinburgh 1:551Google Scholar
  121. Scott EOG (1948) Neonatal length as a linear function of adujt length in Cetacea. Pap Roy Soc Tasm, p 75Google Scholar
  122. Sergeant DE (1963) Minke whales, Balaenoptera acuturostrata Lacepede of the western North Atlantic. J Fish Res Board Canada 20(6):1489–1504Google Scholar
  123. Pastukhov VD (1969) The onset of puberty in females of the Baikal seal. Marine mammals. Nauka, Moscow, pp 127–135Google Scholar
  124. Sleptsov MM (1940) On the peculiarities of the birth and nutrition of pups of the Black Sea dolphin Delphinus delphis. Moscow: Zoological Journal 19(2):297–304Google Scholar
  125. Sleptsov MM (1941) About reproduction biology of the Black Sea dolphin. Moscow: Zoological J 20(4–5):632–653Google Scholar
  126. Sleptsov MM (1952) Cetaceans of the far eastern seas. Vladivostok: Izvestia TINRO, issue 38, p 166Google Scholar
  127. Sleptsov MM (1955) Features of the development of cetaceans in the early embryonic stages, vol 18. Proceedings of the Institute of Oceanology of the USSR Academy of Sciences, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  128. Sleptsov MM (1965a) Orca of the southern hemisphere. In: Marine Mammals. Publishing House Nauka, Moscow, pp 60–64Google Scholar
  129. Sleptsov MM (1965b) Minke whale of the southern hemisphere. Marine mammals. Nauka, Moscow, pp 53–59Google Scholar
  130. Slijper EJ (1962) Whales. Hutchinson, London, p 475Google Scholar
  131. Stephenson W (1951) The lesser rorqual in British waters. Rep Dove Mar Lab 3(12):7–48Google Scholar
  132. Symons HW, Weston RD (1958) Studies on the humpback whale (Megaptera nodosa) in the Bellimghausen Sea. Norsk Hvalfangst-Tidende 47:53–81Google Scholar
  133. Tavolga MC, Essapian ES (1957) The behaviour of the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus): mating, pregnancy, parturition and mother-infant behavior. Zoologica 42:11–31Google Scholar
  134. Tikhomirov V (1894) About the whaling industry in Russia. Russian shipping, St. Petersburg, pp 146–147Google Scholar
  135. Tomilin AG (1957) Animals of the USSR and adjacent countries. Cetaceans, vol 9. Acad Academy of Sciences, Moscow-Leningrad, S.756Google Scholar
  136. Tomilin AG (1962) Cetacean fauna of the seas of the USSR. Qualifier to the fauna of the USSR. Publishing House of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow, p 212Google Scholar
  137. Tomilin AG (1969) Dolphins serve man. Nauka, Moscow, p 247Google Scholar
  138. Tomilin AG, Plavsky VI (1962) The chemical composition of milk and its calorie content in different groups of mammals. Proceedings of the VSHIZO, issue 10, pp 98–109Google Scholar
  139. Tomilin AG, Morozov DA (1969) Suction of feed - a previously unknown way of eating of Phocaena phocaena. Proc VSHIZO N 31 pp 201–202Google Scholar
  140. Tormosov DD (1970) Geographical distribution of various physiological and age groups of sperm whales in the Southern Hemisphere. Whales of the Southern Hemisphere (biology and morphology). Proceedings of AtlantNIRO, issue 29, pp 41–52Google Scholar
  141. Tormosov DD(2002) On the reproductive potential of female sperm whales. Marine Mammals of the Holarctic: Abstracts of the 2nd International Conference, Moscow, pp 255–259Google Scholar
  142. Turner W (1875) Further contribution to the placentation of the Cetacea (Monodon monoceros). Proc Roy Coc Edinburgh 9:103–110Google Scholar
  143. Uralskaya IV (1957) The chemical composition of milk of dolphins of the Black Sea. Scientific notes of Rostov State University, Rostov. 57, issue 1Google Scholar
  144. Utreht-van WL (1968) Notes on some aspects of the mammary glands in the fin whale, Balaenoptera physalus (L.), with regard to the criterion lactating. Norsk hvalfangst-tidende 1:1–13Google Scholar
  145. Wandler A, Huber W (1969) Gewichtswachstum und jabreszeitliche Wewichtsschwankungen bei Reh. und Gemes. Rev Suisse zool 76(3): 686–694Google Scholar
  146. Wheeler JE (1933) Notes on a youg sperm whale from the Bermunda Islanda, vol 8. Proc Zool Soc, LondonGoogle Scholar
  147. White JCD (1953) Composition of whales milk. Nature 171:612–617Google Scholar
  148. Yablokov AV (1959) Features of the reproduction of beluga whales as a representative of toothed cetaceans. Abstracts of the III Scientific Youth Conference. IMZh USSR Academy of SciencesGoogle Scholar
  149. Yablokov AV(1961) On the “sense of smell” of marine mammals. Proceedings of the Conference on the Ecology and Fishing of Marine Mammals. Moscow: Publishing House of the USSR Academy of Sciences, issue 12, pp 87–93Google Scholar
  150. Yablokov AV (1964) Convergence or parallelism in the evolution of cetaceans? Paleontol J 1:97–106Google Scholar
  151. Yablokov AV (1966) Mammalian variability. Nauka, Moscow, p 363Google Scholar
  152. Yablokov AV, Bel’kovich VM Borisov VI (1972) Whales and dolphins. Publishing House “Nauka”, Moscow, 472 pGoogle Scholar
  153. Zaika VE (1970) The ratio of the maximum specific growth rates of warm-blooded animals. Zoological J 49(2):181–192Google Scholar
  154. Zemsky VA (1950) Materials for the study of the embryonic development of the Antarctic fin whales. Moscow: BMOIP (Department of Biology) 55(6):15–20Google Scholar
  155. Zemsky VA (1956) About the method for determining the traces of the corpus luteum of pregnancy and ovulation on the ovaries of female fin whale. Bulletin of the Moscow Society of Naturalists. Department Biology 61(6):5–13Google Scholar
  156. Zemsky VA (1958) Determination of traces of corpus luteum at the fin whales of Antarctica, vol ХХХIII. Proceedings of VNIRO, Moscow, pp 105–160Google Scholar
  157. Zemsky VA (1960) Materials on the reproduction of Antarctic fin whale (B. physalus). Moscow: BMOIP (Department of Biology) 65(1)Google Scholar
  158. Zemsky VA (1961) On the lifespan of fin whales and periodicals of their reproduction. Proceedings of the meetings of the Ichthyological Commission of the USSR Academy of Sciences, issue 12Google Scholar
  159. Zemsky VA, Boronin VA (1964) On the question of the pygmy blue whale taxonomic position. Norsk Nvalfangst Tedende 11Google Scholar
  160. Zenkovich BA (1935) On whale embryos. In: Reports of the USSR Academy of Sciences, vol II, pp 3–4Google Scholar
  161. Zenkovich BA (1938) Milk of large cetaceans. Moscow: DAN USSR Nov Ser 20:2–3Google Scholar
  162. Zenkovich BA (1952) Whales and whaling. PishchePromIzdat, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  163. Zimushko VV (1968) Some Gray whale biology data. In: Marine Mammals. Publishing House Nauka, Moscow, pp 93–97Google Scholar
  164. Zinchenko VL (1986) Changes in the population structure of the minke whale of the Southern Hemisphere during the feeding period in Antarctica. Marine mammals: Abstracts of the 9th All-Union meeting on the study, protection and rational use of marine mammals, Arkhangelsk, pp 159–160Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Marine Biology of National Academy of UkraineOdessaUkraine

Personalised recommendations