Facility for Turbulence Generation

  • Luis Blay EstebanEmail author
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


This chapter presents an experimental facility designed to generate and control turbulence in a laboratory. This consists of a modified version of the random jet array (RJA) proposed in Bellani and Variano (Exp Fluids 55:1646–1666, 2013, [1]) that allows us to generate homogeneous and anisotropic turbulence. Moreover, this zero-mean flow facility can be used to investigate the temporal decay of turbulence without invoking Taylor’s hypothesis. Thus, the aim of this chapter is twofold: first present the facility designed and second investigate the evolution of anisotropic turbulence over time and evaluate the spatial confinement effect. Once these two questions are answered we will have the tools to examine how different turbulent flows modify the descent style of large inertial particles; and this, at the same time will give us some insight into the particle behaviour inside Aquavitrum’s tank. This chapter is structured as follows; in Sect. 3.1 we introduce zero-mean flow facilities used to generate turbulence and we detail experimental and numerical results on the decay of turbulence with and without confinement effects, in Sect. 3.2 we present the experimental setup and the measurement technique, Sects. 3.3 and 3.4 show the results for stationary and decay turbulence, respectively, and we conclude in Sect. 3.5.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Aero and Astro EngineeringUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK

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