Numerical Simulation of Collision Between an Oil Tanker and Ice

  • Aifeng ZhangEmail author
  • Lihong Wu
  • Lanxuan Liu
  • Xiong Chen
  • Xinyu Zhao
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11741)


The ice floe has a great influence on the speed and navigation safety of polar ships. Whether it is the exploitation of oil and gas or the opening of new lanes, the problems of ship-ice collisions should be paid close attention to. In order to further study the collision response of the side structure under ice loads, the finite element technology is used to simulate the collision process between the ship and ice in this paper. The crashworthiness is compared and analyzed according to the results of stress, strain of side structure and energy absorption during ship-ice collisions by selecting different ice impact speeds. The numerical results provide certain technical supports for the structural damage prediction and evaluation of ships sailing in the ice areas.


Ship-ice collision Side structure Collision response Numerical simulation 



The authors are grateful to the State Key Laboratory of Robotics, the Natural Science Foundation of China (with Grant No. 51009016) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (with Grant No. 3132017030) for their financial support.


  1. 1.
    Xu, Y., Hu, Z.Q., Chen, G., et al.: Overview of the investigating methods for ship-ice interaction analysis. J. Ship Mech. 23(1), 110–124 (2019)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhai, S.S., Li, H., Wang, C., et al.: The effect of different constitutive modeling on ship-ice interaction. Ship Sci. Technol. 36(6), 20–25 (2014)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hu, Z.Q., Gao, Y., Yao, Q.: A new constitutive model of ice material for Ship-ice interaction based on ideal elastic-plastic property. Naval Archit. Ocean Eng. 32(1), 65–73 (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhang, J., Wang, K.M., He, W.X.: Study on ice load calculation method of polar icebreaker bow under continuous ice breaking. Shipbuild. China 59(3), 155–163 (2018)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang, L., Shen, W.W.: Research of structure failure mode and damage mechanism under interaction of ice-breaking structure and ice load. Ship Eng. 38(11), 11–16 (2016)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang, W.Y., Tang, W.Y., Yang, C.J.: Rapid calculation method of ice loads considering structural deformation energy. Ship Ocean Eng. 46(2), 38–43 (2017)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang, J., Chen, C., Zhang, M.R.: Research on structure dynamic response in Ship-ice floe collision. Ship Eng. 36(6), 24–27 (2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Xu, S.D., Hu, Z.Q., Chen, G.: Numerical simulation of strengthening side crashworthiness of LNG ships in ice zone. Ship Eng. 38(6), 1–6 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jin, Y., Hu, J.J., Liu, J.J.: Structural dynamic response of the ice navigating ship in level ice. Ship Sci. Technol. 39(6), 33–37 (2017)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yang, J.C., Zhu, F.X., Wu, W.F., et al.: Numerical analysis on ship-ice collision based on ANSYS/LS-DYNA. Marine Technology 3, 30–34 (2007)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jing, L.P.: Condition of stability of explicit finite element step integral pattern for wave motion. Chin. J. Rock Mechan. Eng. 24(A01), 5120–5124 (2005)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kee, P., Pedersen, P.T.: Modeling of the internal mechanics in ship collisions. Ocean Eng. 23(2), 107–142 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Song, Z.C., Chn, J.M.: Dynamic analysis of the collision between sea-ice and single-pile simple platform. China offshore Platf. 24(2), 19–22 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering CollegeDalian Maritime UniversityDalianChina

Personalised recommendations