Clinical Use of Placebos

Part of the The International Library of Bioethics book series (ILB)


Deliberate use of placebos, defined as treatments without any effect as such, is usually considered unethical. The Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs of the American Medical Association, for example, states that it “may undermine trust, compromise the patient–physician relationship, and result in medical harm to the patient” (AMA 2018).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.University of TampereTampereFinland

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