The debate regarding whether or not photography is a form of art is long over. Photographs are found in art museums and private collections throughout the world. Many institutions, such as the George Eastman House in Rochester, NY, and the Museum of Contemporary Photography in Chicago are dedicated solely to photography.
Glossary of Terms
A device that varies the size of the lens opening.
Placing wiring behind sensor to increase light reaching photosites.
A mosaic of red, green, and blue filters arranged on a grid of photosites with each filter covering a single site.
The blurring of the background while leaving the subject in sharp focus.
An early type of pinhole camera.
An electronic light sensor used in place of film in a digital camera.
A light sensor consisting of millions of photo-sensitive elements, each of which includes a charge-to-voltage converter as well as an amplifier and digitization circuit.
Film that produces a negative image in complementary colors.
Film that is exposed to light during development in order to produce a transparency (slide) with true colors.
Permanent image on a light-sensitive plate using a process invented by Louis Daguerre.
The process of translating the Bayer array of primary colors into a final image that contains full color information at each pixel.
Range of distance over which objects are in focus in a photograph.
A digital camera in which focusing and composition can be done while sighting through the lens.
Chemical process for producing a dye image during color development.
Photographic process that depends on absorption of dyes by chemically hardened gelatin in three separate emulsions.
Measure of how fast an image can be recorded.
Focal length divided by lens diameter.
Solution that dissolves undeveloped silver halides in an emulsion.
Distance from a lens to its principal focus.
A specialized digital signal processor used for demosaicing and a variety of other essential tasks such as controlling autofocus, exposure, noise reduction, and, in some cases, face and object detection.
A computer file format for the compression and storage of digital images.
A camera in which focusing and composition can be done while sighting through the lens.
A mobile phone that performs many of the functions of a computer, typically having a touchscreen interface, a camera, internet access, and an operating system capable of running downloaded applications.
Weak acid solution used to halt development prior to fixing.
A computer file format for non-compressed storage of digital files.
Lens with long focal length used to create a larger than normal image.
A digital camera feature used to accurately balance color under a wide range of lighting situations.
Lens with short focal length used to expand the field of view.
Lens with variable focal length.
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