Colloquially referred to as Itamaraty, after the palace that has housed the ministry since its inception in the nineteenth century, the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs began as an institution reserved primarily for the aristocracy. Though still an elite institution, Itamaraty has since become more open and modern, with respected diplomats who are widely regarded as among the most distinguished and effective in the world. Because of its prominence in Brazilian history, Itamaraty traditionally has played a strong role in the making and execution of foreign policy, with relatively little political interference during periods of democratic and authoritarian rule alike. Itamaraty’s distinctive role is beginning to change however, as decision making has become more centralized in the office of the president.
KeywordsBrazil Itamaraty Diplomacy Diplomats Foreign policy Foreign ministry
The authors wish to thank the following diplomats and scholars who were consulted in researching and writing this chapter: Larissa Schneider Calza, Jean Karydakis, Franklin Neto, Jose Estanislau do Amaral Souza Neto, Carla Silva-Muhammad, Antonio de Aguiar Patriota, Paulo Sotero, and Chandler Stolp.
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