Advertisement

Data, Properties, Smart City

  • Giacomo ChiesaEmail author
Chapter
  • 190 Downloads
Part of the PoliTO Springer Series book series (PTSS)

Abstract

This chapter introduces the concept of the third digital age, a development of the first and second ages, and focuses on the centrality of data in design and in urban processes. The topic of the platform is used to analyse the repercussions and risks typical of design spaces based on the centrality of data, especially from the point of view of those who possess and interact with big data. When IT is configured as a double parameter of influence on the city and on the design dynamics, ownership of data becomes a nodal point for the management of urban spaces and processes, whether they concern modelling or materialisation. Data collection methods play an important role in defining the enabling and inclusive value of ICT or, on the contrary, the risk of disabling, non-inclusive or limiting drifts. Lastly, it analyses the importance of the choice and organisation of datasets and algorithms capable of assigning proprietary organisations and related technologies the role of tool and not of decision-maker to big data, introducing the concept of human use of human beings (Wiener 1966).

References

  1. Augé M (2004) Rovine e macerie. Il senso del tempo. Bollati Boringhieri, Torino [or (ed) (2003) Le temps en ruines. Editions Galilée, Paris]Google Scholar
  2. Bacon F (1996, [1620]) Nuovo organo. RCS, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  3. Basilico G (2005) Scattered city. Baldini Castoldi Dalai editore, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  4. Carse JP (1986) Finite and infinite games. Ballantine Books, New York and TorontoGoogle Scholar
  5. Chemollo A, Orsenigo F (2004) Senza Posa. Marsilio, VeneziaGoogle Scholar
  6. Chiesa G (2013a) La città digitale, dai sensori ai modelli: Piattaforme interconnesse per la città del futuro. In: Di Giulio R et al (eds) Strategie di riqualificazione urbana: Rigenerazione e valorizzazione dell’edilizia sociale ad alta densità abitativa del secondo Novecento. Quodlibet, Macerata, pp 110–117Google Scholar
  7. Chiesa G (2013b) M.E.T.R.O. (Monitoring energy and technological real time data for optimization) innovative responsive conception for city futures. Ph.D. thesis, Politecnico di Torino, TorinoGoogle Scholar
  8. Chiesa G (2017a) Explicit-digital design practice and possible areas of implication. Techne 13:236–242Google Scholar
  9. Chiesa G (2017b) Social indicators to localize renewable energy sources considering their visual impacts. Energy Procedia 122:529–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chiesa G, Di Gioia A (2011) Rappresentare il territorio della contemporaneità: la fotografia ambientale come supporto all’analisi territoriale. Planum, 11 ppGoogle Scholar
  11. Chiesa G, La Riccia L (2011) Fotografia e indicatori del paesaggio. Lo spazio dell’abitare. Planum, 10 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Chiesa G, La Riccia L (2013) Dalla rappresentazione alle rappresentazioni di paesaggi e territori. Planum 27(2)Google Scholar
  13. Chiesa G, La Riccia L (2016) Tools and methods for evaluating and designing the perceived landscape. 3D-GIS, viewshed analysis, big data. In: Pagani R, Chiesa G (eds) Urban data. Tools and methods towards the algorithmic city. FrancoAngeli, Milano, pp 159–198Google Scholar
  14. Detragiache A (ed) (2003) Dalla città diffusa alla città diramata. Franco Angeli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  15. Floridi L (2013) The onlife manifesto. Seminary, Centro Nexta about Internet & Società. Politecnico di Torino, DAUIN, Turin, Italy, 24 May 2013Google Scholar
  16. Ghirri L (1997) Lo sguardo inquieto. Un’antologia dei sentimenti. In: Costantini P, Chiaramonte G (eds) Niente di antico sotto il sole. SEI, TorinoGoogle Scholar
  17. Girardin F et al (2007) Understanding of tourist dynamics from explicitly disclosed location information. In: 4th international symposium on LBS and telecartography, Hong-Kong, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  18. Jonas H (1979) Das Prinzip Verantwortung: Versuch einer Ethik für die technologische Zivilisation. Frankfurt [ITA trans: (1990) Il principio di responsabilità. Einaudi, Torino]Google Scholar
  19. Kuhn TS (1969) La struttura delle rivoluzioni scientifiche. Einaudi, Torino [or (ed) (1962) The structure of scientific revolutions. University of Chicago Press, Chicago]Google Scholar
  20. La Riccia L (2017) Landscape planning at the local level. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lupano M (1989) Fotografare I luoghi fotografare le architetture. Intervista di Mario Lupano a Luigi Ghirri. In: Ghirri L (ed) Paesaggio italiano, Electa, Milano, pp 10–12Google Scholar
  22. Mayer-Schönberger V, Cukier K (2013) Big data. Una rivoluzione che trasformerà il nostro modo di vivere e già minaccia la nostra libertà. Garzanti, Milano [or (ed) (2013) Big data: a revolution that will transform how we live, work, and think. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston]Google Scholar
  23. Mitchell WJ (2005) Construction complexity. In: Martens B, Brown A (eds) Computer aided architectural design futures 2005. Springer, Netherlands, pp 41–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nielsen M (2012) Le nuove vie della scoperta scientifica. Come l’intelligenza collettiva sta cambiando la scienza. Einaudi, Torino [or (ed) (2012) Reinventing discovery: the new era of networked science. Princeton University Press, Princeton]Google Scholar
  25. Occelli S, Staricco L (2002) Nuove tecnologie di informazione e di comunicazione e la città. FrancoAngeli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  26. Oxman R (2006) Theory and design in the first digital age. Des Stud 27:229–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pagani R, Chiesa G, Tulliani J-M (2015) Biomimetica e Architettura. Come la natura domina la tecnologia. FrancoAngeli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  28. Sennet R (2008) The craftsman. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
  29. Sennett R (1999) L’uomo flessibile. Feltrinelli, Milano [or (ed) (1998) The corrosion of character: the personal consequences of work in the new capitalism. Norton, New York, London]Google Scholar
  30. Sennett R (2006) Il declino dell’uomo pubblico. Bruno Mondadori, Milano [or (ed) (1976) The fall of public man. Knopf, New York]Google Scholar
  31. Sevtsuk A, Amindarbari R (2012) Measuring growth and change in East-Asian cities. Progress report on urban form and land use measures. The World Bank, City Form Lab, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  32. Taleb NN (2009) Il Cigno nero, come l’improbabile governa la nostra vita. Il Saggiatore, Milano [or (ed) (2007) The black swan: the impact of the highly improbable. Random House and Penguin Book, New York]Google Scholar
  33. Tosoni P (1992) Il gioco paziente. Biagio Garzena e la teoria dei modelli per la progettazione. Celid, TorinoGoogle Scholar
  34. Weinberger D (2012) La stanza intelligente. La conoscenza come proprietà della rete. Codice edizioni, Torino [or (ed) (2011) Too big to know: rethinking knowledge now that the facts aren’t the facts, experts are everywhere, and the smartness person in the room is the room. Basic Book, New York]Google Scholar
  35. Wiener N (1966) Introduzione alla cibernetica. L’uso umano degli esseri umani. Editore Boringhieri, Torino [or (ed) (1950) The human use of human beings: cybernetics and society. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston]Google Scholar
  36. http://cityform.mit.edu/, last view Apr 2019

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Architettura e Design (DAD)Politecnico di TorinoTurinItaly

Personalised recommendations