The Present and the Future

  • Fred Phillips
Part of the Science, Technology and Innovation Studies book series (STAIS)


One way the present dictates the future is when a trend becomes effectively irreversible. The chapter lists a large number of trends that have reached this point of no return and explains why some of these “tipping points” are examples of technology substitution, while others are not.


  1. Fisher JC, Pry RH (1971) A simple substitution model of technological change. Technol Forecast Soc Chang 3:75–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Phillips F (2007) On S-curves and tipping points. Technol Forecast Soc Chang 74(6):715–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred Phillips
    • 1
  1. 1.Anderson School of ManagementUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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