What Do We Mean by “The Future”?

  • Fred Phillips
Part of the Science, Technology and Innovation Studies book series (STAIS)


This chapter introduces the book. It argues that the future is real, and that each individual needs to have a perspective on the future. It introduces several ways human cultures have conceived of time throughout the ages. It explains why uncertainty about the past actually increases our uncertainty about the future.


  1. Callick R (2007) The China Model, From the November/December 2007, issue of The American.
  2. Phillips F (2008) Change in socio-technical systems: researching the Multis, the Biggers, and the more connecteds. Technol Forecast Soc Chang 75(5):721–734CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred Phillips
    • 1
  1. 1.Anderson School of ManagementUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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