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The concluding chapter of the book draws together the empirical findings of the three case studies and compares them across cases. The cross-case comparison suggests two main conclusions. First, the findings demonstrate the plausibility of the analytical framework, providing strong support for the empirical relevance of the hypothesised conditions of EU mediation effectiveness. Second, the latter vary in terms of their explanatory power. Conflict parties’ willingness to compromise and EU mediation strategy stand out as necessary conditions of EU mediation effectiveness, strongly interacting with each other. Overall, the findings highlight the mutual importance of EU- and conflict-related conditions influencing the effectiveness of EU mediation and the variety of factors that need to be taken into account to develop a comprehensive understanding of EU mediation effectiveness. The chapter then situates these findings in relevant research fields and reflects on key policy implications of this book, before pointing to potential avenues for future research.
KeywordsEU mediation Mediation effectiveness Stabilisation EU foreign and security policy
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