Angle Modulation

  • Marcelo S. AlencarEmail author
  • Valdemar C. da Rocha Jr.


It is well established nowadays that a frequency-modulated signal can not be accommodated in a bandwidth which is narrower than the one occupied by the original, or modulating, signal. Ironically, though, frequency modulation was originally conceived as a means to reduce the bandwidth required for the transmission of a given signal.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo S. Alencar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Valdemar C. da Rocha Jr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Advanced Studies in CommunicationsFederal University of BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  2. 2.Institute of Advanced Studies in CommunicationsFederal University of PernambucoRecifeBrazil

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