Fear, Hate, and Hope: A Biopsychosociological Model of the Radical Right

  • Klaus Wahl


The winning formula of radical right ideologies includes fear of globalization and immigration, hatred of scapegoats, and hope for a better future with the radical right. These emotional appeals trigger old evolutionary mechanisms for dealing with dangerous situations: cohesion and authoritarian relationships in the threatened in-group, defense against out-groups, and punishment of deviants and strangers. Ideologies and activities of the radical right use these mechanisms.

In addition, elements of an empirically based biopsychosociological model to explain manifestations of the radical right are introduced step by step: a first chain of psychological and biological factors, and a second chain of sociological and historical factors.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Wahl
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychosocial Analyses and Prevention - Information System (PAPIS)MunichGermany

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