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Executive Dysfunctions in Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Shameem FatimaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The chapter focuses on executive dysfunctions in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Initially, the presenting symptoms, types, and prevalence rate of the disorder are described. Next, executive dysfunctions in relation to symptoms of the disorder have been analyzed. Individuals with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder show consistent impairment on inhibition, working memory, and sustained attention measures of executive functioning. Also, these individuals show deficits of self- and emotion regulation processes. Further, specific executive dysfunctions have been analyzed in relation to functional consequences. This part discusses that these individuals show poor academic and occupational performance, poor social and family relationships, and emotional regulation problems of aggression, frustration, etc. that are linked with executive dysfunctions. Then, symptoms are briefly discussed in relation to neuro-anatomical and biochemical processes. Finally, treatment strategies to target the symptoms as well as related executive dysfunctions and comorbid disorder are discussed.

Keywords

ADHD Inhibition Attention Working memory Self-regulation 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.COMSATS University IslamabadLahorePakistan

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