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The Assessment of Executive Dysfunction in Bilinguals

  • Mónica RosselliEmail author
  • Idaly Vélez-Uribe
  • Valeria L. Torres
Chapter

Abstract

The chapter begins with the definition of bilingualism and includes ways of assessing and characterizing the types of bilingualism. It presents a description of the executive function advantages and disadvantages of dual language learners. Compared to monolinguals, bilinguals perform better on nonverbal EF tasks but worse on verbal tasks. Furthermore, the chapter describes the neuropsychological profiles of bilinguals after suffering different types of neurological disorders such as mild traumatic brain injury, dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and vascular disorders. The influence of these disorders on the bilingual’s language control function and its association with EF is analyzed.

Keywords

Bilingualism Executive function Dysexecutive syndrome Inhibitory control Neurological disorders Dual language Aging Monolinguals Brain plasticity Cognates 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mónica Rosselli
    • 1
    Email author
  • Idaly Vélez-Uribe
    • 1
  • Valeria L. Torres
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyFlorida Atlantic UniversityDavieUSA

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