Behavior of Concrete Structures Under the Action of Elevated Temperatures

  • Samir Suljević
  • Senad MedićEmail author
  • Mustafa Hrasnica
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 83)


Common building structures are designed to withstand the load that may occur during building service life. There are dead load and traffic loads of different characters, such as imposed load, wind load, snow load, earthquake load etc. However, special attention must be paid to ensure a satisfactory level of resistance in the case of fire action. The particular danger of fire damage exists in urban areas where low-rise and middle-high-rise residential buildings dominate, usually built of reinforced concrete. Because of all these factors, it is very important to analyse structural fire performance. Mechanical and thermal properties of reinforced concrete as well as other building materials, such as steel and wood, decrease at elevated temperatures. As an example, in this paper we present structural fire analysis of a concrete slab implementing analytical procedures given in EN 1992-1-2. Numerical analysis is performed using both the finite element method and the finite difference method taking into account nonlinear transient heat flow.


Concrete structures Fire Heat analysis Numerical modeling Eurocode 


  1. 1.
    EN 1992-1-2, Eurocode 2: Design of Concrete Structures. Part 1.2: General Rules – Structural Fire Design. Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (2004)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wickström, U.: Temperature Calculation in Fire Safety Engineering. Springer, Switzerland (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Logan, D.L.: A First Course in the Finite Element Method, 4th edn. CL-Engineering, USA (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Diana, T.N.O.: User’s Manual. DIANA FEA BV, Delft, The Netherlands (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Suljevic, S.: Design of reinforced concrete structural elements exposed to fire. MSc thesis, University of Sarajevo (2018) (In Bosnian)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hurley, M., et al.: SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, 5th edn. Springer, USA (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Guo, Z., Shi, X.: Experiment and Calculation of Reinforced Concrete at Elevated Temperatures. Elsevier, USA (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Houang, Z.: The behaviour of concrete slabs in fire. Fire Saf. J. 45, 271–282 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sangluaia, C., Haridharan, M.K., Natarajan, C., Rajamaran, A.: Behaviour of reinforced concrete slab subjected to fire. Int. J. Comput. Eng. Res. 3(1), 195–206 (2013)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Allam, S.M., Elbakry, H.M.F., Rabeai, A.G.: Behavior of one-way reinforced concrete slabs subjected to fire. Alex. Eng. J. 52, 749–761 (2013). Scholar
  11. 11.
    Terro, M.J.: Numerical modeling of the behavior of concrete structures in fire. ACI Struct. J. 95(2), 183–193 (1998)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Khoury, G.A.: Effect of fire on concrete and concrete structures. Prog. Struct. Mat. Eng. 2, 429–447 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Balaji, A., Nagarajan, P., Madhavan Pillai, T.M.: Predicting the response of reinforced concrete slab exposed to fire and validation with IS456 (2000) and Eurocode 2 (2004) provisions. Alex. Eng. J. (2016).
  14. 14.
    fib Bulletin 46: Fire Design of Concrete Structures – Structural Behaviour and Assessment. International Federation for Structural Concrete, Lausanne, Switzerland (2008)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Purkiss, J.A., Li, L.: Fire Safety Engineering Design of Structures, 3rd edn. CRC Press, USA (2014)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chandrasekaran, S., Srivastava, G.: Design Aids of Offshore Structures Under Special Environmental Loads Including Fire Resistance. Springer, Singapore (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Khalaf, J., Huang, Z., Fan, M.: Analysis of bond-slip between concrete and steel bar in fire. Comput. Struct. 162, 1–15 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pothisiri, T., Panedpojaman, P.: Modeling of mechanical bond-slip for steel-reinforced concrete under thermal loads. Eng. Struct. 48, 497–507 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samir Suljević
    • 1
  • Senad Medić
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mustafa Hrasnica
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Civil EngineeringUniversity of SarajevoSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina

Personalised recommendations