Advertisement

DNS Flood Attack Mitigation Utilizing Hot-Lists and Stale Content Updates

  • Tasnuva Mahjabin
  • Yang XiaoEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11611)

Abstract

Domain Name System (DNS) has become a target of the Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks. When a DNS is under a DDoS flood attack, all the domain information under that DNS becomes unreachable, eventually causing unavailability of those particular domain names. In this paper, we propose a method which includes periodic stale content update and maintains a list of most frequently queried domain names of different DNS servers. Our simulation results show that the our method can serve more than \(70\%\) of the total cache responses during a massive DNS Flood attack.

Keywords

DNS Flood DDoS Hot-lists DNS Cache Stale update 

References

  1. 1.
    Mahjabin, T., Xiao, Y., Sun, G., Jiang, W.: A survey of distributed denial-of-service attack, prevention, andmitigation techniques. Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 13(12), 1–33 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zeifman, I., Margolius, D.: The long and short of TTL – understanding DNS redundancy and the Dyn DDoS attack. https://www.incapsula.com/blog/the-long-and-short-of-ttl-the-ddos-perspective.html. Accessed 18 June 2018
  3. 3.
    Vlajic, N., Andrade, M., Nguyen, U.T.: The role of DNS TTL values in potential DDoS attacks: what do the major banks know about it? Procedia Comput. Sci. 10, 466–473 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mahjabin, T., Xiao, Y.: Mitigation process for DNS flood attacks. In: Proceeding of 2019 16th IEEE Annual Consumer Communications & Networking Conference (CCNC), Las Vegas (Short Paper), 11–14 January 2019Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shang, H., Wills, C.E.: Piggybacking related domain names to improve DNS performance. Comput. Netw. 50(11), 1733–1748 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chen, H., Xiao, Y.: Cache access and replacement for future wireless internet. IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 113–123 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xiao, Y., Chen, H.: Optimal callback with two-level adaptation for wireless data access. IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput. 5(8), 1087–1102 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wei-min, L., Lu-ying, C., Zhen-ming, L.: Alleviating the impact of DNS DDoS attacks. In: Second International Conference on Networks Security, Wireless Communications and Trusted Computing, vol. 1, pp. 240–243. IEEE, April 2010Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ballani, H., Francis, P.: Mitigating DNS DoS attacks. In: Proceedings of the 15th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, pp. 189–198. ACM, October 2008Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jung, J., Sit, E., Balakrishnan, H., Morris, R.: DNS performance and the effectiveness of caching. IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking 10(5), 589–603 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cohen, E., Kaplan, H.: Proactive caching of DNS records: addressing a performance bottleneck. Comput. Netw. 41(6), 707–726 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cao, P., Irani, S.: Cost-aware WWW proxy caching algorithms. In: USENIX Symposium on Internet Technologies and Systems, vol. 12, no. 97, pp. 193–206 (1997)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jang, B., Lee, D., Chon, K., Kim, H.: DNS resolution with renewal using piggyback. J. Commun. Netw. 11(4), 416–427 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA

Personalised recommendations