CP-MCNN: Multi-label Chest X-ray Diagnostic Based on Confidence Predictor and CNN

  • Huazhen Wang
  • Junlong Liu
  • Sisi Lai
  • Nengguang Wu
  • Jixiang DuEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11637)


Chest X-ray as a sensing mode is worthwhile to be paid attention in terms of its conversation and prevalence, and it as a typical multi-label problem where each example is represented by a single instance while associated with a set of labels simultaneously. Early researches on chest X-ray mainly using Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), although it has outperformance in experiment, diagnosis of chest x-ray as a typical high-risk problem, CNN lacks confidence evaluation its output to make a judgment. To solve this problem, we propose a new framework of Confidence Prediction-Multi-label Convolutional Neural Network (CP-MCNN) that plugs MCNN into Confidence Predictor. It can provide calibrated confidential evaluation for MCNN. On chestx-ray14 dataset, the experimental results show that CP-MCNN performs better than MCNN in terms of Sub-accuracy, Hamming-loss, Ranking-loss and Average Precision. Moreover, CP-MCNN can provide well-calibrated confidence prediction on chest X-ray sensor picture in order to enhance its reliability and interpretability.


Sensor Chest X-ray Conformal predictor CNN Multi-label 



This work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 61673186, the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province in China under Grant No. 2012J01274.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huazhen Wang
    • 1
  • Junlong Liu
    • 1
  • Sisi Lai
    • 1
  • Nengguang Wu
    • 1
  • Jixiang Du
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Huaqiao UniversityXiamenChina

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