This chapter introduces the theme of the book, epistemological naturalism, explains central concepts and gives an overview on the book’s contents. In particular, I introduce my understanding of epistemological naturalism as consisting of two elements, namely naturalized epistemology and justificatory monism. Briefly, naturalized epistemology is the project of pursuing epistemology in a strictly scientific manner. Justificatory monism claims that there is only one fundamental way to justify any claim whatsoever, namely through empirical-scientific evidence. Furthermore, I discuss basic Quinean terminology, as Quine’s work is a central point of orientation throughout the book.


Epistemological naturalism Naturalized epistemology Justificatory monism Naturalism Maddy Quine 


  1. Føllesdal, Dagfinn. 1973. Indeterminacy of Translation and Under-Determination of the Theory of Nature. Dialectica 27: 289–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Glock, Hans-Johann. 2003. Quine and Davidson on Language, Thought and Reality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. ———. 2010. Can Animals Judge? Dialectica 64: 11–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Horwich, Paul. 2014. Naturalism and the Linguistic Turn. In Contemporary Philosophical Naturalism and Its Implications, ed. Bana Bashour and Hans D. Muller, 37–43. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. Kant, Immanuel. 1998 [1987]. Kritik der Reinen Vernunft. Hamburg: Meiner.Google Scholar
  6. Keil, Geert. 2003. “Science Itself Teaches”. A Fresh Look at Quine’s Naturalistic Metaphilosophy. Grazer Philosophische Studien 66: 253–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Maddy, Penelope. 2007. Second Philosophy. A Naturalistic Method. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. ———. 2014. A Second Philosophy of Logic. In The Metaphysics of Logic, ed. Penelope Rush. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 93–109.Google Scholar
  9. Papineau, David. 2015. Naturalism. In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. Edward N. Zalta. Stanford: Stanford University. Accessed 5 August 2017.
  10. Plantinga, Alvin. 2002. The Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism. In Naturalism Defeated? Essays on Plantinga’s Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism, ed. James Beilby, 1–12. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Quine, Willard Van Orman. 1969. Epistemology Naturalized. In Ontological Relativity and Other Essays, 69–90. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  12. ———. 1974. The Roots of Reference. La Salle: Open Court Publishing.Google Scholar
  13. ———. 1981. Five Milestones of Empiricism. In Theories and Things, 67–72. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  14. ———. 1992. Pursuit of Truth, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Rosenberg, Alex. 1996. A Field Guide to Recent Species of Naturalism. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47: 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. ———. 1999. Naturalistic Epistemology for Eliminative Materialists. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59: 335–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. ———. 2014. Disenchanted Naturalism. In Contemporary Philosophical Naturalism and Its Implications, 17–36. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ZurichZurichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations