Advertisement

‘Now We Welcome the Birth of Daughters’

  • Bina FernandezEmail author
Chapter
  • 84 Downloads
Part of the Mobility & Politics book series (MPP)

Abstract

This chapter follows the trajectory of migrant women as they return home and documents the transformations brought about in Ethiopia by their migration. It begins by setting out in-depth contextual information on two communities with high levels of international migration: Oda Dawata and Kormargeffia. Having laid out this context, I then use it to situate my analysis of the impacts of women’s migration. I draw on interviews with returnee migrants, family members of migrants, and community leaders in order to illuminate the post-migration changes within the women themselves, in their relationships with their families, and in the community. Some of these transformations fulfil the aspirations that drove the initial ‘will to change’ that led these Ethiopian women to migrate. However, for some women, the transformations result in the actualisation of prevailing fears and anxieties about migration. The chapter also examines the unintended transformations that occur within families and communities, charting how familial bonds have changed and how gender norms and roles have been displaced or adapted in response to the return of migrant women.

Keywords

Returnee migrant Family Community Husband Children Gendered transformations 

References

  1. Acedera, Kristel A.F., and Brenda S.A. Yeoh. 2019. ‘Until Death Do Us Part’? Migrant Wives, Left-Behind Husbands, and the Negotiation of Intimacy in Transnational Marriages. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. First Published Online April 18, 2019. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369183X.2019.1592414.
  2. Bilgili, Ozge, Katie Kuschminder, and Melissa Siegel. 2019. Return Migrants’ Perceptions of Living Conditions in Ethiopia: A Gendered Analysis. Migration Studies 6 (3): 345–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. CSA, and DHS. 2017. Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) 2016. Central Statistics Agency, GoFDRE & DHS Programme (USA), Report June 2017.Google Scholar
  4. Freeman, D. 2012. Pentecostalism and Development: Churches, NGOs and Social Change in Africa. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gordon, Anthea, and Catherine Dom. 2014. Long-Term Perspectives on Development Impacts in Rural Ethiopia: Community Situation Oda Dawata, Oromia Region, Stage 3 Final Report. Oxford: Mokoro Limited. Accessed December 20, 2018. http://ethiopiawide.net/wp-content/uploads/Oda-Dawata-Community-Report_Web.pdf.
  6. Hoang, Lan Anh. 2011. Gender Identity and Agency in Migration Decision-Making: Evidence from Vietnam. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 37 (9): 1441–1457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hoang, Lan Anh, and Brenda Yeoh. 2011. Breadwinning Wives and “Left-Behind” Husbands: Men and Masculinities in the Vietnamese Transnational Family. Gender and Society 25 (6): 717–739.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hondagneu-Sotelo, Pierrette. 1994. Gendered Transitions: Mexican Experiences of Immigration. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  9. Lan, Pei-Chia. 2006. Global Cinderellas: Migrant Domestics and Newly Rich Employers in Taiwan. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lavers, Tom, and Alula Pankhurst. 2013. Long-Term Perspectives on Development Impacts in Rural Ethiopia: Community Situation Kormargeffia, Amhara Region, Stage 3 Final Report. Oxford: Mokoro Limited. Accessed December 20, 2018. http://ethiopiawide.net/wp-content/uploads/Kormargefia-Community-Report_Web.pdf.
  11. Mains, Daniel. 2012. Hope Is Cut: Youth, Unemployment, and the Future in Urban Ethiopia. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Oishi, Nana. 2005. Women in Motion: Globalization, State Policies, and Labor Migration in Asia. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Pankhurst, Helen. 1992. Gender, Development and Identity: An Ethiopian Study. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  14. Pankhurst, Alula, ed. 2017. Change and Transformation in Twenty Rural Communities in Ethiopia: Selected Aspects and Implications for Policy: Ethiopia WIDE Tracking Communities Since 1994. Addis Ababa: Pankhurst Development Research and Consulting Plc.Google Scholar
  15. Paul, Anju. 2015. Negotiating Migration, Performing Gender. Social Forces 94 (1): 271–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Pingol, Alicia. 2001. Remaking Masculinities: Identity, Power, and Gender Dynamics in Families with Migrant Wives and Househusbands. Quezon City: UP Center for Women’s Studies.Google Scholar
  17. Tibebe, E. 2009. The Evangelical Movement in Ethiopia: Resistance and Resilience. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

Personalised recommendations