An Evaluation Method of the Influence of Icon Shape Complexity on Visual Search Based on Eye Tracking

  • Zijing Luo
  • Chengqi XueEmail author
  • Yafeng Niu
  • Xinyue Wang
  • Bingzheng Shi
  • Lingcun Qiu
  • Yi Xie
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11584)


In order to evaluate the icon shape complexity from the aspects of human visual cognition, the present paper summarizes two factors of icon shape affecting visual cognition, and establishes a new formula which can quantify the complexity of two-dimensional icon shape. The outcome of test applying the formula indicates the method has ability to quantify the shape complexity of different icons. Meanwhile, the paper studies the influence of different levels of shape complexity of icon on visual search through eye tracking experiments. The results of the eye tracking experiment show that the level of icon shape complexity should be in a reasonable interval which measured by the formula provided in this paper. Because of the ability to quantify the complexity of the icon,the method can improve the design and the application of icon according to visual cognition.


Icon shape complexity Visual search Eye tracking Visual cognition 



This work was supported jointly by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71801037, 71871056, 71471037), Science and Technology on Electro-optic Control Laboratory and Aerospace Science Foundation of China (No. 20165169017), SAST Foundation of China (SAST No. 2016010) and Equipment Pre-research & Ministry of education of China Joint fund.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zijing Luo
    • 1
  • Chengqi Xue
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yafeng Niu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xinyue Wang
    • 1
  • Bingzheng Shi
    • 3
  • Lingcun Qiu
    • 3
  • Yi Xie
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Science and Technology on Electro-Optic Control LaboratoryLuoyangChina
  3. 3.Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight TechnologyShanghaiChina

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