Global Catholicism and the Open Society: A Final Statistical Synopsis



Summarizing our results and putting them into perspective with new and especially designed statistical analyses developed for the aims of this chapter, we first of all emphasize that differences between cultures are far less decisive than differences between countries in determining value development. There is a breathtaking variety of active Catholicism around the world.

In terms of the combined performance on our new Nostra Aetate Index (Chap.  3), our new Civil Society Index (Chap.  4), overall religious tolerance (Chap.  5), and tolerance of homosexuality (Chap.  6), the US Catholic community leads the international comparison of countries with complete data, followed by the Dominicantes in Germany, Chile, Argentina, and Poland, while the Dominicantes in Spain, Slovenia, and Mexico are in the lower ranks in our comparison of Catholic overall tolerance.

We also emphasize in this chapter that liberation theology must become a global theology of tolerance. We debate the neoliberal critique of liberation theology and highlight accepting free competition has an overwhelming consequence for other Open Society attitudes.

We conclude this chapter by a summary of the best- and worst-practice models of global Catholicism in the light of our analysis.


Relation of economics to social values Cultural economics Economic sociology Economic anthropology World values survey 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  2. 2.American Studies CenterUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland

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