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The History and Economic Importance of the Oil Palm

  • Sean MayesEmail author
Chapter
  • 32 Downloads
Part of the Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG)

Abstract

Oil palm is a remarkable crop which in 2017 produced 34% of the world’s vegetable oil from 0.36% of the world’s agricultural land. The fact that it is a perennial ‘tree’ crop growing in the humid tropics under high light intensity accounts for the tenfold advantage in oil yield it has over many annual temperate oil crops, per hectare, per year. However, slow breeding cycles in a manually intensive industry are beginning to erode this advantage, and the challenges of climate change have yet to be addressed. The history, economic importance and how research has been applied to improve the productivity and value of the oil palm are reviewed, along with some of the future challenges which research needs to address.

Keywords

Oil palm E. guineensis E. oleifera Biotechnology Marker-assisted breeding Palm oil trade Oil palm history 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of NottinghamLoughboroughUK

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