Big Data: Nil Novo Sub Luna

  • Artem A. Balyakin
  • Andrey S. Malyshev
  • Marina V. NurbinaEmail author
  • Mikhail A. Titov
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 78)


Big data technology belongs to the one of high-tech solutions that will form the forthcoming digital epoch. We present short overview of the current approach to big data, highlighting the main problems it gives rise to. We point out that big data seems to be revolutionary new technology, but in fact should be treated just a new tool to produce knowledge, thus it produces the same risks and challenges as other breakthroughs the humanity endured in the past. We also conclude that cultural aspects of big data implementation should be considered the most crucial one, and the experts community should form the balanced attitude towards this technology. We show the impossibility to control big data with attempts to prohibit some peculiar features it possesses, and propose to focus on such practical steps as terminology improvements, and the evaluation of societal outcomes of the new technology.


Big data Scientific infrastructure Megascience Research and innovation policy Socio-Economic challenges 



This work was supported by RFBR grant № 18-29-16130 MK.


  1. 1.
    Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies: (2015). Accessed 31 Mar 2019
  2. 2.
    Lynch, C.: How do your data grow? Nature 455, 28–29 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Florio, M., Sirtori, E.: Social benefits and costs of large scale research infrastructures. Technol. Forecast. Soc. Chang. 112, 65–78 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    The Decree of the President of the Russian Federation: About the strategy for the development of the information society in the Russian Federation for 2017–2030. No. 203. 9 May 2017Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Almyrzaeva, A., Kostyuk, V., Nevredinov, A.: The role of Big data in modern society. J. Econ. Entrepreneurship 9(3), 580–582 (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yuchinson, K.: Big data and legislation on competition law. J. High. Sch. Econ. 1, 216–245 (2017)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Grigorieva, M., Golosova, M., Ryabinkin, E., Klimentov, A.: Exascale store for scientific data. Open Syst. DBMS 23(4), 14–17 (2015)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    The Global Information Technology Report: The World Economic Forum. (2016). Accessed 31 Mar 2019
  9. 9.
    Zobova, L., Shcherbakova, L., Evdokimova, E.: Digital spatial competition in the global information space. Fundam. Res. 5, 64–68 (2018)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Manuka, J., Chui, M., Brown, B., Bughin, J., Hobbs, R., Roxburgh, C., Byers, A.: Big Data: The Next Frontier for Innovation, Competition, and Productivity. McKinsey Global Institute, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mayer-Schönberger, V., Cukier, K.: Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work, and Think. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston (2013)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Making Sense of Big Data. PwC Tech Forecast, issue 3 (2010)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Balyakin, A., Mun, D.: Formation of an open science system in the European Union. Information and Innovations. In: Proceedings of the Conference “Scientometrics and Bibliometrics”, pp. 33–37 (2017)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Net Neutrality 2019 Legislation: National Conference of State Legislatures. (2019). Accessed 31 Mar 2019
  15. 15.
    Hu, J., Zhang, Y.: Discovering the interdisciplinary nature of big data research through social network analysis and visualization. Scientometrics 112(1), 91–109 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sokolova, A.: The impact of big data analysis technologies (big data) on personal data legislation. In: In the Collection: Jurisprudence 2.0: A New Look at the Right Materials of the Interuniversity Scientific-Practical Conference with International Participation, pp. 282–285. Russian University of Peoples’ Friendship, Moscow (2017)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bulgakova, E.V.: Methods for analyzing big data in solving legal problems. In: In the Collection: Law and Information: Questions of Theory and Practice, a Collection of Materials of the International Scientific-Practical Conference, pp. 90–96. Ser. “Electronic legislation” of the FSBI Presidential Library Named After B.N. Yeltsin (2017)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Digital Russia: A New Reality. (2017). Accessed 31 Mar 2019
  19. 19.
    Savelyev, A.: The Issues of Implementing Legislation on Personal Data in the Era of Big Data. Law. J. High. Sch. Econ. 1, 43–66 (2015)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR): Accessed 31 Mar 2019

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Artem A. Balyakin
    • 1
  • Andrey S. Malyshev
    • 1
  • Marina V. Nurbina
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mikhail A. Titov
    • 2
  1. 1.National Research Centre Kurchatov InstituteMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations