• Boris Shishkov
Part of the The Enterprise Engineering Series book series (TEES)


How did enterprises look 40–50 years ago today? What were then the rudimentary business process automations [1] and how is this different from the current business process automations that go beyond conventional data manipulation and record-keeping activities [2]? How did enterprises exchange information then, not counting on the global telecommunications and the digital multimedia [3] and what are the differences now when a cell phone alone seems to be capable of supporting video communication, answering complex questions, and providing satellite navigation [4]? Was it possible then (without web services [5] and cloud infrastructures [6]) for associations between different enterprises to combine manufacturing, assembly, wholesale distribution, and retail sales in what is currently called business process externalization [7]? Were software technologists able then to develop really adaptable information systems [8], not counting on sensor technology [9]? We argue that answering those questions would bring us to the conclusion that over the past several decades enterprises have been shifting to experience a growing dependency on ICT (Information and Communication Technology ) [10]. For this reason, it is not surprising that SE (Software Engineering ) [11] gets increasingly relevant with regard to enterprise developments. Hence, even though EE (Enterprise Engineering) [12] and SE have developed separately as disciplines, it is currently important to bring together enterprise modeling and software specification; we argue that this would allow enterprises to adequately utilize current technology.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boris Shishkov
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Information SciencesUniversity of Library Studies and Information TechnologiesSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.Institute of Mathematics and InformaticsBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  3. 3.Interdisciplinary Institute for Collaboration and Research on Enterprise Systems and TechnologySofiaBulgaria

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