Advertisement

The Multicultural Short Story and Intercultural Conversation

  • Ulla Rahbek
Chapter

Abstract

Rahbek studies Zadie Smith’s ‘The Embassy of Cambodia’ (2013), Julian Barnes’ ‘East Wind’ (2008), and Olumide Popoola’s ‘Expect Me’ (2016), with brief references to Popoola’s ‘Counting Down’ (2016), Sefi Atta’s ‘A Temporary Position’ (2009), and Sue Gee’s ‘Glimpse’ (2016), with special focus on encounters in the stories and how encounters can lead to conflict or conversation. Taking a point of departure in what Kwame Anthony Appiah calls ‘conversation across difference’ and Bhikhu Parekh terms ‘intercultural dialogue’ and supplementing these ideas with reflections on kindness, friendship, love, hope, and despair, the chapter explores how intercultural dialogues can alleviate problems thrown up in superdiverse Britain through a reading of unexpected encounters and ongoing conversations in multicultural short stories.

References

  1. Ahmed, Sara. 2007a. Editorial: The Happiness Turn. New Formations 63: 7–14.Google Scholar
  2. ———. 2007b. Multiculturalism and the Promise of Happiness. New Formations 63: 121–137.Google Scholar
  3. Appiah, Kwame Anthony. 2001. Cosmopolitan Reading. In Cosmopolitan Geographies: New Locations in Literature and Culture, ed. Vinay Dharwadker, 197–227. London; New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. ———. 2007a. Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 2007b. The Ethics of Identity [2005]. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  6. ———. 2008. Chapter 6: Education for Global Citizenship. Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education 107 (1): 83–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Atta, Sefi. 2009. A Temporary Position. In News from Home, 107–127. London: Lubin & Kleyner.Google Scholar
  8. Barnes, Julian. 2011. East Wind. In Pulse, 3–18. London: Jonathan Cape. (First published in The New Yorker, 19 May 2008).Google Scholar
  9. Bauman, Zygmunt. 2003. Liquid Love. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  10. ———. 2012 [2007]. Liquid Times: Living in an Age of Uncertainty. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  11. Beck, Ulrich. 2011. Multiculturalism or Cosmopolitanism: How Can We Describe and Understand the Diversity of the World? Social Sciences in China 32 (4): 52–58.  https://doi.org/10.1080/02529203.2011.625169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Derrida, Jacques. 2000. Of Hospitality. Trans. Rachel Bowlby. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. ———. 2001. On Cosmopolitanism. In On Cosmopolitanism and Forgiveness. Trans. Mark Dooley and Michael Hughes, 3–24. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Economist. 2016. Black Britons. The Next Generation, January 28. https://www.economist.com/britain/2016/01/28/the-next-generation. Accessed 4 December 2018.
  15. Fox, Kate. 2014 [2004]. Watching the English. 2nd ed. London: Hodder & Stoughton.Google Scholar
  16. Freire, Paolo. 2017 [1970]. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Trans. M. B. Ramos. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  17. Gee, Sue. 2016. Glimpse. In A Country of Refuge, ed. Lucy Popescu, 83–89. London: Unbound.Google Scholar
  18. Harding, Jeremy. 2012. Border Vigils: Keeping Migrants out of the Rich World. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  19. Knudsen, Eva Rask, and Ulla Rahbek. 2016. Search of the Afropolitan: Encounters, Conversations, and Contemporary Diasporic African Literature. London; New York: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  20. Leggett, Bianca. 2012. Coast Guard: Eastern European Stereotyping in Julian Barnes’s “East Wind”. Dandelion 3 (1): 1–11.Google Scholar
  21. Leyshon, Cressida. 2013. This Week in Fiction: Zadie Smith. The New Yorker, February 4.Google Scholar
  22. Malik, Kenan. 2013. Multiculturalism and Its Discontents. London: Seagull.Google Scholar
  23. Mason, David. 2000. Race and Ethnicity in Modern Britain. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Modood, Tariq. 2007. Multiculturalism: A Civic Idea. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  25. Parekh, Bhikhu. 2006. Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory. 2nd ed. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. ———. 2008. A New Politics of Identity: Political Principles from an Interdependent World. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Phillips, Adam, and Barbra Taylor. 2010. On Kindness. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  28. Popoola, Olumide. 2016a. Counting Down. In Breach, 9–26. London: Peirene.Google Scholar
  29. ———. 2016b. Expect Me. In Breach, 141–154. London: Peirene.Google Scholar
  30. Popoola, Olumide, and Annie Holmes. 2016. Breach. London: Peirene.Google Scholar
  31. Pratt, Mary Louise. 1981. The Short Story: The Long and the Short of It. Poetics 10: 175–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pritchett, V.S. 2001. The Oxford Book of Short Stories. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Rattansi, Ali. 2011. Multiculturalism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rutherford, Jonathan. 2007. After Identity. London: Lawrence & Wishart.Google Scholar
  35. Said, Edward. 1991 [1978]. Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Orient. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  36. Shafak, Elif. 2010. The Politics of Fiction. TED Talk. https://www.ted.com/talks/elif_shafak_the_politics_of_fiction. Accessed 4 December 2018.
  37. Shelley, Percy Bysshe. 2004. Ode to the West Wind [1820]. In The Penguin Book of English Verse, ed. Paul Keegan, 642–644. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  38. Smith, Zadie. 2005. Martha and Hanwell. London: Penguin. (‘Martha, Martha’ First Published in Granta 81, 2003).Google Scholar
  39. ———. 2013. The Embassy of Cambodia. London: Hamish Hamilton. (First Published in The New Yorker, 4 February 2013).Google Scholar
  40. ———. 2016. On Optimism and Despair. The New York Review of Books, December 22.Google Scholar
  41. Solnit, Rebecca. 2014. Men Explain Things to Me. And Other Essays. London: Granta.Google Scholar
  42. Taylor, Charles. 1994. The Politics of Recognition. In Multiculturalism, Examining the Politics of Recognition, ed. Amy Gutmann, 25–73. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Thomassen, Lasse. 2017. British Multiculturalism and the Politics of Representation. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Uberoi, Varun, and Tariq Modood, eds. 2015. Multiculturalism Rethought: Interpretations, Dilemmas and New Directions. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  45. Vertovec, Steven. 2007. Super-Diversity and Its Implications. Ethnic and Racial Studies 30 (6): 1024–1054.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. ———. 2014. Reading “Super-Diversity”. In Migration: A COMPAS Anthology, ed. B. Anderson and M. Keith, np. Oxford: COMPAS.Google Scholar
  47. ———, ed. 2015. Diversities Old and New: Migration and Socio-Spatial Patterns in New York, Singapore and Johannesburg. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  48. Vertovec, Steven, and Robin Cohen, eds. 2002. Conceiving Cosmopolitanism: Theory, Context, and Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulla Rahbek
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CopenhagenKøbenhavn SDenmark

Personalised recommendations