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The Southern Atlas Front in Tunisia: Regional-Scale Geometry and Structural Evolution

  • Mohamed GharbiEmail author
  • Amara Masrouhi
  • Olivier Bellier
  • Mohamed Ben Youssef
Chapter
Part of the Regional Geology Reviews book series (RGR)

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview of data-compilation, recently published, as well as newly collected data on the structure and evolution of Southern Atlas front in Tunisia. The Northern Chotts Range, one of most geologic features in southern Atlas, separates a dominantly deformed area of Gafsa to the north, from a relatively undeformed area of Chotts basin and Saharan platform to the south. The Cenozoic contractional period shapes a chain with mixed thick- and thin-skinned tectonic style, controlled by deep-seated basement faults with shallower décollement within the sedimentary cover. The present-day general “en echelon” fold distribution of the overall Northern Chotts Range, the age and the geometry of units, are likely the surface expression of the “en echelon” WNW- to- NW-trending faulting, which controls the fold’s emplacement and style. These systems usually exhibit a fault kinematics, with striation showing a multiphase history. During Mesozoic times, the extensional activity of WNW- to- NW-trending normal faults is associated with significant thickness and/or facies variations comprising abundant syntectonic sequences. The growth of major synsedimentary typical normal fault systems, which produce a general framework delivering tilted blocks basin geometry, displays well-developed half-graben fill and large rollover structures along the southern Atlas. The Northern Chotts Range is, therefore, considered as the results of the Mesozoic inherited faults reverse–reactivation. The Chotts basin was previously considered as a large anticline related to the Cenozoic compressional events to explain the gentle deep observed “antiform structure”. It was, therefore, marked as the far-foreland of the southern Tunisian Atlas. Like many other inverted margin, extensional inherited structures are still preserved in the southern Tunisian Atlas. The Chotts preserves Mesozoic extensional structures, of which the so-called Chotts anticline is defined in this study as large inherited rollover structure. The subsequent tertiary compressional front will be, therefore, repositioned in the Northern Chotts Range Front.

Keywords

Tectonic inversion Sequential restoration Tethyan rifting Chotts basin Southern Atlas Tunisia 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the Tunisian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research and a French Foreign Affair Ministry (Ministère des Affaires Etrangères) grant through French Embassy in Tunisia. We acknowledge the ETAP (Entreprise Tunisienne des Activitées Pétrolières) particularly Abdelhak Amri and Youssef Bouazizi are thanked for providing access to the seismic lines. This work is a contribution to the program of the French National Research Agency (ANR) through the A*MIDEX OT-Med project (nANR-11-LABX-0061) funded by the French Government «Investissements d’Avenir» (n ANR-11-IDEX-0001-02). Midland Valley is acknowledged for providing academic license of “Move2016” for structural modeling.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Gharbi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Amara Masrouhi
    • 2
  • Olivier Bellier
    • 3
  • Mohamed Ben Youssef
    • 1
  1. 1.Water Research and Technologies CenterGeo-Resources Laboratory, Borj-CedriaSolimanTunisia
  2. 2.King Abdulaziz UniversityFaculty of Earth Sciences, Geo-exploration Techniques DepartmentJeddahSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD, Coll France, CEREGEAix-en-ProvenceFrance

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