Evolution of Party and State Relations
In this chapter, we are assessing the ideological basis of the Communist Party approved in 2017, and the new Constitution approved in 2019, and asking what is new. We are furthermore looking for possible new trends and openings within the Communist Party based on its two most recent congresses (2011 and 2016), and asking whether the most recent general elections (2017/2018) and the Constitution consultation and referendum (2018/2019) showed any sign of more openness and pluralism. Rule of law is a problematic issue in communist regimes; can we see any improvement in this respect in Cuba? We are also looking for differentiation of factions within the Communist Party; between Party and State; and between the executive and legislative parts of the State. The role of the military is another key factor; and so is the behaviour of the bureaucracy.
KeywordsCommunist Party Elections/referendum Rule of law Military Bureaucracy
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