Political Implications of Socio-economic Changes

  • Vegard ByeEmail author
Part of the Studies of the Americas book series (STAM)


Chapter  4 discusses the direct political implications of the socio-economic changes caused by economic reforms. We will first identify who are the winners and losers of the reforms and how their interests are in conflict. Some of the winners may be constituting an emerging middle class, with specific political inclinations. The losers are often to be found in the Party and State bureaucracy, probably explaining much of the reform resistance. The new socio-economic architecture of the country represents a serious deviation from the egalitarian structures established by the Revolution. We will also discuss in the chapter whether the emerging private sector is gradually gaining a certain political power position in Cuba, particularly in the tourism sector. This has spurred a deep ideological debate about the acceptance of private property and enrichment, including about the legalisation of private companies. Another debate has been about permitting more independent and horizontal interest organisation.


Reform winners and losers Middle class Entrepreneurs Capital accumulation Horizontal organisation 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scanteam a.s.OsloNorway

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