• Jiefu ChenEmail author
  • Shubin Zeng
  • Yueqin Huang
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Petroleum Geoscience & Engineering book series (BRIEFSPGE)


Petroleum and natural gas are among the primary energy sources for the United States and around the world. According to “International Energy Outlook 2017” released by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), 66\(\%\) of U.S. energy consumption was from petroleum and gas in 2016 (EIA, US: International Energy Outlook 2017. US Energy Information Administration, 2017, [4]). Looking forward to 2040, more than 60\(\%\) of energy consumption still depends on petroleum and natural gas.


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© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Cyentech Consulting LLCCypressUSA

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