A History of Medical Care

  • Patrick M. WhiteheadEmail author


This chapter describes the history of modern medicine and the growth in popularity of medical science. This requires a description of the experimental scientific foundations of medical science. Next, the successes and shortcomings of the biomedical model, that is, the disease- or pathology model of illness, are explored. This is followed by a description of holistic medicine, specifically the salutogenic model of Aaron Antonovsky. It is maintained that both pathogenic and salutogenic models of health miss the blind-spot described in the introduction.


Pathogenesis History of medicine Salutogenesis Holistic biology 


  1. Canguilhem, G. (1991). The normal and the pathological (C. R. Fawcett, Trans.). New York: ZONE Books.Google Scholar
  2. Roser, M. (2018). Child and infant mortality. Our World in Data.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sociology and PsychologyAlbany State UniversityAlbanyUSA

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