Big from Small: MicroRNA in Relation to Veterinary Sciences

  • Birbal SinghEmail author
  • Gorakh Mal
  • Sanjeev K. Gautam
  • Manishi Mukesh


Eukaryotic transcriptome sequence data reveals that majority of the genome is transcribed into distinct noncoding RNA species, called microRNAs (miRNA). The miRNA is subset of tiny noncoding RNAs, about 21–23 nucleotides long, that play a role in controlling cognate mRNA degradation by cleavage or inhibiting the translational process. miRNA is popularly referred to as “micromanager of gene regulation.” In humans, miRNA disruption is correlated to diseases like cancers. In addition, miRNA has important implications in diseases and biological processes such as development, memory establishment, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and infections. Knowledge acquired from understanding miRNA pathway should be exploited to design artificial miRNAs with potential uses in therapeutics and livestock development.

  • miRNAs are abundantly present in many organisms

  • The impact of miRNA-driven gene regulation is enormous; hence, it is a key field of study

  • In view of their involvements in diseases and biological processes, miRNAs offer opportunities to develop curative interventions.


miRNAs Noncoding RNAs miRNAs diversity Biological functions Developmental biology Microbial inhibition 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birbal Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gorakh Mal
    • 1
  • Sanjeev K. Gautam
    • 2
  • Manishi Mukesh
    • 3
  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Regional StationPalampurIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia
  3. 3.Department of Animal BiotechnologyICAR-National Bureau of Animal Genetic ResourcesKarnalIndia

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