Anaerobic Gut Fungi—A Biotechnological Perspective

  • Birbal SinghEmail author
  • Gorakh Mal
  • Sanjeev K. Gautam
  • Manishi Mukesh


The ruminants are herbivorous animals that thrive on fibrous roughage, plant foliage, crop, and agro-industrial by-products. The microbiome present in alimentary tract of herbivores serves as an efficient system for saccharification and fermentation of ingested plant biomass and converts it into microbial proteins, ammonia, short-chain organic acids, and gases such as CO2, H2, and CH4. While early studies had focused on anaerobic fungi because of their unusual metabolism and biology, in current perspective, the anaerobic fungi are viewed for potential hydrolytic genes and enzymes biotechnological applications.

  • Anaerobic gut fungi inhabit rumen and cecum of mammalian and reptile herbivores

  • The gut fungi secrete enzymes that are superior to those from fibrolytic bacteria

  • The enzymes of anaerobic fungi in view of their ability to utilize multiple substrates have industrial applications.


Gut fungi Fiber degradation Cellulases Tannase Feed additives 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birbal Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gorakh Mal
    • 1
  • Sanjeev K. Gautam
    • 2
  • Manishi Mukesh
    • 3
  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Regional StationPalampurIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia
  3. 3.Department of Animal BiotechnologyICAR-National Bureau of Animal Genetic ResourcesKarnalIndia

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