Reproduction Biotechnology in Equines

  • Birbal SinghEmail author
  • Gorakh Mal
  • Sanjeev K. Gautam
  • Manishi Mukesh


The assisted reproduction in equines has progressed to a large extent during recent two decades. Scarcity of ovaries and oocytes, lack of interest from customary equine breeders, and preference to automobiles for transportation are the main reason for tardy progress in equine ARTs. In addition, failure of mares to respond to superovulation, meager success of sperm capacitation in vitro, IVF and embryo production, and less number of laboratories working in this area are the causes of low progress. Improving oocyte maturation in vitro, IVF and enhancing developmental competence of in vitro produced embryos, multiplying selected progeny-tested studs and developing cell therapies for equine injuries are the prospective areas.


  • Equines are a group of different species domesticated companion animals ever since the human civilization

  • Equines are diverse multipurpose livestock species.


Equines Companion animals Equine reproduction Semen cryopreservation Embryo transfer 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birbal Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gorakh Mal
    • 1
  • Sanjeev K. Gautam
    • 2
  • Manishi Mukesh
    • 3
  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Regional StationPalampurIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia
  3. 3.Department of Animal BiotechnologyICAR-National Bureau of Animal Genetic ResourcesKarnalIndia

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