Reproduction Biotechnology in Camelids

  • Birbal SinghEmail author
  • Gorakh Mal
  • Sanjeev K. Gautam
  • Manishi Mukesh


Over the past three decades, similar to equine industry, various reproduction biotechniques, viz. artificial insemination, in vitro production of embryos, and nuclear transfer cloning, are developed for camelids. Inadequate understanding of reproduction physiology, incomplete genetic cataloguing of native genotypes, and lack of oocyte and proven embryo banks are the challenges in fully utilizing the reproduction potential of camels. This chapter presents an overview of advances and the bottlenecks of assisted reproduction technologies applied to camelids. Prospects of conservation of diversity of the species are discussed.

  • Camels have unique evolutionary adaptation to hard agroclimatic conditions

  • Camel is turning from a beast of burden to an important farm animal with multiple benefits

  • Only a few laboratories are working on reproduction expansion and biodiversity conservation of the species.


Camels Camelid diversity Reproduction biotechnology Camel semen Embryo production 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birbal Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gorakh Mal
    • 1
  • Sanjeev K. Gautam
    • 2
  • Manishi Mukesh
    • 3
  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Regional StationPalampurIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia
  3. 3.Department of Animal BiotechnologyICAR-National Bureau of Animal Genetic ResourcesKarnalIndia

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